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Vindkraft och landsbygdsutveckling ur ett kollaborativt perspektiv
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2972-6273
2008 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The development within wind power energy has gone from a small scale production to a large industry. I this phase of development it does not seem motivated to repeat all arguments for reducing carbon monoxide sources. Rather, the focus in this study is directed towards processes of implementation of visions to planning in practice, where environmental goals are to be fulfilled and lead to a sustainable development for a local community.

The aim of this study is to follow the processes involved in the wind power projects in Laholm municipality, by investigating the wind power discourses in the view of landscape theories concerned with the relation between man, nature and society, and to put concepts and arguments into action by dropping them to actors and networks, through action research.

The study will answer the following questions:

1. What actors are in foreground and in background when issues regarding wind power plants are discussed?

2. In what ways can we understand the relations between man, nature and society in this case?

3. What does the arguments concerning wind power consist of and how can they be explained towards the use of resources?

4. What social and economical consequences may the wind power projects have for the community?

5. What are of concerns for the researcher who is intervening through action research?

6. How did the collaborative and deliberative processes succeed in the planning implementation process?

The study shows that when resources are at stake in a local community, it will activate and accentuate the boundaries between different groups. Arguments describe these boundaries related to land owners and others, between those who primarily see the landscape as a landscape for production and those who see it as a landscape for recreation. The activated boundaries make it difficult for some actors to openly state their position in the wind power issue. Processes of change take time, and it is also concluded that early local involvement and slow processes may facilitate acceptance of these landscape changes. The study shows the importance of considering the relations between humans and their landscapes and that the key to managing change goes through this understanding. Management of implementation processes are ideally strategically planned for as involving the complex relations between man and nature, rather than presupposing NIMBY explanations. Processes of change takes time and therefore the aim of leading processes should work cautiously with establishing local participation and encouragement.

It is likely that the wind power projects will produce possibilities for local companies if the plants are put into place, and if they produce the estimated power planned for. However, these changes are also dependent on the local community, the municipality, the region and the state, through willingness to support with knowledge, information, strategic plans, economic support for entrepreneurs, and general capacity building processes. It is also likely that some people will chose other places to live in, but that new people will chose to move to the community. It is therefore important to map and make use of these new builders in the process of capacity building for a sustainable community.

Researchers have an important role to play as intervener in the processes between local communities, authorities and companies. The researcher can help as collector analyzing opinions and values regarding natural resource projects. The researcher can also analyze and present experiences from other similar projects to local community as well as to authorities and companies involved in the process. The researcher can also contribute as leader of processes by staging learning processes in groups, handling conflicts and managing creative development processes.

The most evident problem in this study was the difficulties in reaching out to the local actors. Efforts were instead made to visit them in other forums where they met of other reasons. An action research strategy was therefore to be where things is happening and to make room for issues of development in these contexts, for instance on Internet, in school, on local meetings, and in interviews.

Although the interest for wind power in Laholm seems to have reached a stage where the loudest land owner voices claim to want more of the benefits from wind power energy, it is important to produce plans for action, knowledge and to lead the processes of local development in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2008. , p. 44p. 45-
Keywords [sv]
Vindkraft, landsbygdsutveckling, Bygdemedel, Lokalt kapacitetsbyggande, Kulturgeografi
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-1424Local ID: 2082/1804OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-1424DiVA, id: diva2:238642
Available from: 2008-05-16 Created: 2008-05-16 Last updated: 2014-03-18Bibliographically approved

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Jonasson, Mikael

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