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Information use in strategic decision making
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Management Decision, ISSN 0025-1747, E-ISSN 1758-6070, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 318-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the issue of information use in strategic decision making. The study employs a case study as a research strategy together with personal interviews and documentation as means of data collection. The starting-point is four specific strategic decisions recently made by medium-sized companies in Sweden. The study provides the reader with an insight into management information behaviour when taking strategic decisions, by addressing questions such as: Why is information used? What kind of information does management use? How do they obtain it? And finally, where do they obtain it? In addition, a short review of the literature pertaining to the above stated questions is provided.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bradford: MCB publications , 2003. Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 318-326
Nyckelord [en]
Decision making, Information, Intelligence, Strategy
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-293DOI: 10.1108/00251740310468090Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84986165532Lokalt ID: 2082/590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-293DiVA, id: diva2:237472
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-28 Skapad: 2006-11-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Towards a theory of managing information in new product development
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Towards a theory of managing information in new product development
2005 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with various information aspects of new product development (NPD). In total, the thesis consists of 6 research articles appended in full, and an introductory text that integrates and theorizes with and from these papers.

The first paper is a review article examining the literature on and role of information in NPD. The main argument put forward here is that information processing can be understood in terms of three steps: acquiring, sharing, and using information. The second paper is a largescale survey that examines the relationship between market and entrepreneurial orien-tation and performance in NPD. A market orientation is to a large extent about acquiring, disseminating and using market information, while an entrepreneurial orientation partly is about ignoring such information, and instead trying to be innovative, proactive, and take risks. The results show that a market orientation and innovativeness are positively related to NPD performance, and that neither product nor environmental characteristics moderate these relationships. The third paper is also a survey, and investigates the extent to which management of external information is associated with innovation performance. The main findings are that scanning the technological sector of the environment was positively associated with innovation performance, while scanning customers, suppliers, and competitors proved to be negatively correlated with innovation performance. Crossfunctional integration in the form of collaboration as well as using information from the industry environment also proved to be positively related to innovation performance.

The last three papers have a centre of gravity in “management of information & environ-ment”, and not so much in new product development per se. Paper four describes and com-pares different information processing approaches (e.g. environmental scanning, marketing research) in order to identify their similarities and differences, but also their underlying con-cepts and the course of events they represent. The main conclusion is that differences exist primarily in terms of focus and scope. Paper five is a review and tentative integration of different perspectives in organization – environment research: the adaptive, the resource-dependence, the cognitive and the population-ecology perspective. The review identifies differences and similarities among these perspectives, suggests tentative conclusions on why the adaptive perspective is so frequently utilized at the expense of the other three, and suggests constructivism as a feasible avenue for combining and integrating these perspectives. Finally, the sixth and final paper deals with information use in the context of strategic decisionmaking. With a case study approach, the questions of why information is used, what kind of information is used, where it is obtained, and how it is obtained were addressed, and the results from this paper are mainly descriptive.

The purpose of the introductory text is two-fold. In addition to providing integration of the appended papers, the main purpose is theory construction (i.e. elicitation of constructs and propositions). In the introduction, all six appended papers together with a new literature search and a new pilot case study are used to generate propositions about management of information, information sources, and the need for cross-functional integration in three different phases of the NPD process. In addition, suggestions regarding theoretical connections are made. The introduction text concludes with reflections, managerial implications, limitations, and future research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2005. s. 52
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544 ; 2005:54
Nyckelord
Industriell ekonomi och samhällsvetenskap, Industriell organisation
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-1903 (URN)2082/2298 (Lokalt ID)2082/2298 (Arkivnummer)2082/2298 (OAI)
Disputation
(Engelska)
Anmärkning

[Paper I] Frishammar, J. (2005). Managing Information in New Product Development: A Literature Review.International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 2(3): 259-275., [Paper II] Frishammar, J. and Hörte, S.Å. (2005). The Role of Market- and Entrepreneurial Orienta- tion for NPD Performance in Manufacturing Firms1. Short version presented at the 12th In- ternational product development management conference in Copenhagen, June 12-14, 2005. Full paper submitted to Research Policy., [Paper III] Frishammar, J. and Hörte, S.Å. (2005). Managing External Information in Manufacturing Firms: The Impact on Innovation Performance2. Journal of Product Innovation Manage- ment, 22(3): 251-266., [Paper IV] Frishammar, J. (2002). Characteristics in Information Processing Approaches. International Journal of Information Management, 22(2): 143-156., [Paper V] Frishammar, J. (2005). Organizational Environment Revisited: A Conceptual Review and Integration. Forthcoming inInternational Studies of Management & Organization., [Paper VI] Frishammar, J. (2003). Information Use in Strategic Decision-making3. Management Deci- sion, 41(4): 318-326.

Tillgänglig från: 2008-09-15 Skapad: 2008-09-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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