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Prevention av tobaksfria nikotinprodukter bland ungdomar på högstadiet: - En intervjustudie med skolsköterskor
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Prevention of tobacco-free nicotine products in adolescents at secondary school : - An interview study among school nurses (English)
Abstract [sv]

Skolsköterskan som är verksam inom elevhälsan har i uppdrag att arbeta hälsofrämjande på skolan. Tobaksfria nikotinprodukter såsom elektroniska cigaretter och vitt snus har ökat bland ungdomar. Det är angeläget att utforska hur skolsköterskor arbetar med nikotinprevention för att kunna förbättra det hälsofrämjande arbetet för att förhindra att en ny generation blir beroende utav nikotin. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att utforska skolsköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med prevention av tobaksfria nikotinprodukter bland ungdomar på högstadiet. Metod: Kvalitativ intervjustudie baserad på tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med skolsköterskor i Halland i Sverige. Manifest kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats. Resultat: Fem kategorier: Skolsköterskans undervisning och information ute i klasserna, skolsköterskans relation till eleverna, skolsköterskans relation till vårdnadshavarna, skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete genom hälsosamtal, skolsköterskans stöd från ledningen samt 11 underkategorier och citat från informanter vilket bekräftar resultatet. Konklusion: Det saknas tydliga riktlinjer för hur skolsköterskorna ska arbeta med nikotinprevention på skolan. Ungdomar bör få kunskap hur skadligt nikotin är för hälsan och vad ett nikotinberoende kan leda till i framtiden. 

Abstract [en]

The school nurse, active in student health services, is required to promote the health of the students at school. Use of tobacco-free nicotine products, such as e-cigarettes and white snuff, has increased among adolescents. In order to promote better health education and work towards the prevention of nicotine addiction in the next generation, it is important to explore the adverse effects of addiction. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of various school nurses in working towards the prevention of tobacco-free nicotine product usage among adolescents in secondary school. Method: This is a qualitative study based on ten semi-structured interviews with school nurses in Halland, Sweden, manifesting the analysis using an inductive approach. Results: Results were classified into five categories: Teaching and information, relationship to the students, relationship to the guardians, health promotion through health talks, support from management, as well as 11 subcategories and quotes from participants confirming the result. Conclusion: There are no clear guidelines as to how school nurses currently work with nicotine prevention. However, it should be required that the next generation be taught the harmful effects of nicotine to their health and what nicotine addiction can lead to in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Adolescence, nicotine prevention, school nurse, tobacco-free nicotine products
Keywords [sv]
Nikotinprevention, skolsköterska, tobaksfria nikotinprodukter, ungdomar
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-52054OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-52054DiVA, id: diva2:1812721
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, 75 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-11-17 Created: 2023-11-16 Last updated: 2023-11-17Bibliographically approved

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