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Sjuksköterskestudenters kompetens inom transkulturell omvårdnad: En allmän litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing students’ competence within transcultural nursing : A general literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I dagens mångkulturella värld möter sjuksköterskor personer med olika kulturella bakgrunder och sjuksköterskestudenter behöver utveckla sin transkulturella kompetens för att möta de kulturella behoven som detta medför. Transkulturell omvårdnad innebär att en persons kultur inverkar på omvårdnaden. Fenomenet är nära sammankopplat med personcentrerad vård, i vilka relationsskapande och kommunikation är betydelsefulla aspekter. Sjuksköterskeutbildningen brister i utlärningen av transkulturell omvårdnad och behöver förbättras såväl praktiskt som teoretiskt för att uppnå god omvårdnad. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters kompetens inom transkulturell omvårdnad. Metod:Studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats utifrån elva resultatartiklar. Resultat: Databearbetningen mynnade ut i de två huvudkategorierna Sjuksköterskestudenters upplevda utmaningar under verksamhetsförlagd utbildning samt Sjuksköterskestudenters positiva upplevelser av transkulturell omvårdnad med respektive underkategori Kommunikationsutmaningar och Drivkraft att utveckla transkulturell kompetens. Konklusion: Sjuksköterskestudenter upplever sin transkulturella kompetens som bristande och möter flera utmaningar med att tillhandahålla transkulturell omvårdnad men också positiva aspekter när den tillgodoses. Transkulturell omvårdnad behöver integreras i sjuksköterskeutbildningen för att bättre förbereda studenter för arbetslivet.

Abstract [en]

Background: In today’s multicultured world nurses will meet people from different cultural backgrounds and nursing students will have to develop their transcultural competence to meet the cultural needs this leads to. Transcultural nursing means that a person’s culture affects the nursing care. The phenomenon is closely connected to personcentered care in which establishing relationships and communication are meaningful aspects. The nurse education lacks in teaching transcultural nursing and needs to improveits practical and theoretical education to attain good nursing care. Aim: The aim was to describe nursing students’ competence within transcultural nursing. Method: The study was made as a general literature review with an inductive approach from eleven result studies. Result: The data analysis ledto the two main categories Nursing students experienced challenges during clinical training education and Nursing students positive experiences of transcultural nursing with respective subcategory Communication challenges and Will to develop transcultural competence. Conclusion: Nursing students experience their transcultural competence as lacking and they meet several challenges to provide transcultural nursing but also positive aspects when it is being accommodated. Transcultural nursing needs to be integrated in the nursing education to better prepare students for working life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Communication, Culture, Nursing Students, Transcultural Competence, Transcultural Nursing
Keywords [sv]
Kommunikation, Kultur, Sjuksköterskestudenter, Transkulturell kompetens, Transkulturell omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-51999OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-51999DiVA, id: diva2:1811797
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Available from: 2023-11-20 Created: 2023-11-14 Last updated: 2023-11-20Bibliographically approved

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