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Well-Being, Physical Fitness, and Health Profile of 2,203 Danish Girls Aged 10-12 in Relation to Leisure-time Sports Club Activity-With Special Emphasis on the Five Most Popular Sports
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
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2022 (English)In: Strength and conditioning journal, ISSN 1524-1602, E-ISSN 1533-4295, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 2283-2290Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated the relationship between leisure-time sports club activities and well-being as well as physical health parameters in 10-12-year-old Danish girls. Two thousand two hundred three girls took part in the study, which included questionnaires on participation in leisure-time sports clubs, well-being, Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 children's test, long jump, balance tests, body composition, blood pressure (BP), and resting heart rate (RHR). Data were analyzed according to whether the girls participated in leisure-time sport and according to the 5 most frequently reported sports. Girls enrolled in leisure-time sports had higher physical well-being (49.3 ± 8.6 vs. 45.2 ± 8.3), psychological well-being (50.4 ± 9.0 vs. 49.4 ± 9.8), experienced more peer and social support (50.2 ± 10.0 vs. 48.9 ± 10.7), and perceived a more positive school environment (52.5 ± 8.0 vs. 50.5 ± 9.3), as well as showing higher Yo-Yo (+39%), long jump (+10%), and balance performance (+15%) than girls not involved in sport clubs. The girls active in sports clubs had higher relative muscle mass (+5%), lower fat percentage (-11%), body mass index (-5%), RHR (-3.4 b·min-1), and diastolic BP (-1.4 mm Hg) compared with girls not involved in sport (p<0.05). Girls who played soccer showed higher aerobic fitness compared with inactive girls (+67%), dancers (+39%), swimmers (+38%), and gymnasts (+16%). Gymnasts had a lower fat percentage than inactive girls (-19%), team handballers (-10%), swimmers (-12%), and soccer players (-4%). Girls participating in club-based leisure-time sports showed higher well-being and better fitness and health profiles than girls not involved in any sports club activities. Girls involved in soccer had better aerobic fitness and gymnasts a lower fat percentage. Copyright © 2020 National Strength and Conditioning Association.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2022. Vol. 36, no 8, p. 2283-2290
Keywords [en]
Yo-Yo IR1C, long jump, balance, body composition, KIDSCREEN-27, sport participation
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48928DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003819ISI: 000834988000032PubMedID: 32991507Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85135421247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-48928DiVA, id: diva2:1726339
Note

Funding: Nordea-fonden, the Danish Football Association (DBU), and Aase and Ejnar Danielsens Foundation.

Available from: 2023-01-12 Created: 2023-01-12 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Wikman, Johan

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