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Robot Self-defense: Robots Can Use Force on Human Attackers to Defend Victims
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5100-6435
Advanced Telecommunications Research, Institute International Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4338-801X
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4894-4134
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology. The Interaction Science Laboratories, Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International, Kyoto, Japan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4998-1685
2022 (English)In: IEEE RO-MAN 2022: 31st IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, Social, Asocial, and Antisocial Robots, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2022, p. 1606-1613Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Could a social robot use force to prevent violence directed toward humans in its care?-Might crime be eradicated, or conversely could excessive use of force proliferate and human dignity become trampled beneath cold robotic wheels? Such speculation is one part of a larger, increasingly important question of how social robots will be expected to behave in our societies, as robotic technologies develop and become increasingly widespread. Here, to gain some insight into this topic of "robot self-defense", we proposed a simplified heuristic based on perceived risk of loss to predict acceptability, and conducted a user survey with 304 participants, who watched eight animated videos of robots and humans in a violent altercation. The results indicated that people largely accept the idea that a humanoid robot can use force on attackers to help others. Furthermore, self-defense was perceived as more acceptable when the appearance of the defender was humanoid rather than mechanical, and when the force disparity between attacker and defender was high. The immediate suggestion is that it could be beneficial to re-examine common assumptions that a robot should never harm or risk harming humans, and to discuss and consider the possibilities for robot self-defense. © 2022 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2022. p. 1606-1613
Series
IEEE RO-MAN proceedings, ISSN 1944-9445, E-ISSN 1944-9437
Keywords [en]
Force, Social robots, Humanoid robots, Wheels, Mobile robots, Videos
National Category
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-49167DOI: 10.1109/RO-MAN53752.2022.9900814ISI: 000885903300227Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85140719505ISBN: 978-1-7281-8859-1 (electronic)ISBN: 978-1-6654-0680-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-49167DiVA, id: diva2:1725460
Conference
31st IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN 2022, 29 August - 2 September, 2022
Funder
VinnovaELLIIT - The Linköping‐Lund Initiative on IT and Mobile Communications
Note

We gratefully acknowledge support from JST CREST Grant Number JPMJCR18A1, Japan, and from the Swedish Knowledge Foundation for the “Safety of Connected Intelligent Vehicles in Smart Cities – SafeSmart” project (2019–2023), the Swedish Innovation Agency (VINNOVA) for the “Emergency Vehicle Traffic Light Pre-emption in Cities – EPIC” project (2020–2022), and the ELLIIT Strategic Research Network.

Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Kochenborger Duarte, EduardoVinel, AlexeyCooney, Martin

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CiteExportLink to record
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