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Current Conceptualization and Operationalization of Adolescents’ Social Capital: A Systematic Review of Self-Reported Instruments
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0969-1288
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4218-4499
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3576-2393
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4438-6673
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 23, article id 15596Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a great heterogeneity in the conceptualization and operationalization of social capital in empirical research targeting adolescents. There has not yet been an attempt to systematically map and psychometrically evaluate the existing instruments for measuring social capital that have been developed and validated for adolescent samples. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate the design and psychometric properties of self-reported instruments for social capital, specifically developed and validated for use among adolescents. The design of this study was a systematic review guided by the COSMIN methodology for systematic reviews of Patient Reported Outcome Measures. The search included six electronic databases and no time frame was applied. Twenty studies were identified as describing the development and validation of a social capital instrument for adolescent samples. The results reveal common denominators, but also great variation in the design and validation of the instruments. Adolescents were only involved in the development procedures of four instruments. There is a lack of social capital instruments that cover both the multidimensionality of social capital and contextual relevance in relation to adolescents. Careful examination of instruments should thus precede a decision when designing studies and further instrument development involving the target group is encouraged. © 2022 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2022. Vol. 19, no 23, article id 15596
Keywords [en]
adolescents, instrument, measurement, psychometric properties, questionnaire, social capital, validation
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Health Innovation, Information driven care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-49102DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192315596ISI: 000896481100001PubMedID: 36497690Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85143657850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-49102DiVA, id: diva2:1724105
Available from: 2023-01-05 Created: 2023-01-05 Last updated: 2023-04-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Social capital and inequalities in mental health among young adolescents in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social capital and inequalities in mental health among young adolescents in Sweden
2022 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to explore social capital and inequalities in mental health among young adolescents in Sweden. This is a compilation thesis comprising four studies. Studies I and II are quantitative studies of crosssectional data from the Swedish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. The aim of Study I was to investigate socioeconomic inequalities in health using both a subjective and an objective measure of socioeconomic status among Swedish adolescents. The findings showed that subjective socioeconomic status robustly and independently predicted mental health problems, poor life satisfaction and poor general health perception. The association between objective socioeconomic status and mental health was weakened, and even reversed, when subjective socioeconomic status was accounted for in regression models. A Latent Profile Analysis was applied in Study II with the aim of identifying distinct profiles of family, school and peer social capital in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and to explore health outcomes in those profiles. The findings showed that five distinct profiles best represented the data for 11 and 15-year olds, while a four-profile model was optimal for 13-year olds. Significant inequalities were identified between profiles when these were examined in terms of mental health problems and life satisfaction. The design of Study III was a qualitative semi-structured interview study. The aim was to explore social capital from the perspective of adolescents in relation to mental health. Adolescents spoke of having access to a safe space, feeling connected to others and predictability as important aspects of social relationships and networks in relation to mental health. The aim of Study IV was to identify and evaluate the design and psychometric properties of instruments for assessing social capital specifically developed and validated for self-reporting among adolescents (10-19 years). The design was a systematic review, in which 20 instruments were identified. The results revealed a lack of instruments that covered both the multidimensionality of social capital and contextual relevance in relation to adolescents. The conclusion from this thesis is that social capital may be useful for identifying vulnerable individuals and for differentiating between the natural imbalance of adolescence and what may lead to serious illness. Longitudinal research and refinement of the operationalization of the concept are, however, needed to enhance the understanding of these findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2022. p. 111
Keywords
Adolescence, Inequalities, Lifestyle, Mental health, Social capital, Socioeconomic status
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46311 (URN)978-91-88749-81-9 (ISBN)978-91-88749-82-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2022-03-04, S1002, Kristian IV:s väg 3, Halmstad, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-02-10 Created: 2022-02-09 Last updated: 2023-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Ahlborg, MikaelNyholm, MariaNygren, Jens M.Svedberg, Petra

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