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Favorable Adaptation during SARS-CoV-2-Pandemic as Told by Student-Athletes—A Longitudinal and Behavioral Study
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0990-4842
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1673-2850
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8987-5975
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8345-8994
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 19, article id 12512Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

(1) Background: The aim was to explore the impact of adaptive responses (resilience factors) on student-athletes’ behaviors during a stressful period of life during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic of 2020 and 2021. (2) Methods: A constructivist-based grounded theory (CGT) was used guided by a biopsychosocial approach. Based on purposeful sampling, 22 male and female student-athletes were divided into four focus group interviews (FGI) seven months after the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic (October 2020) and 18 of these were followed up by FGI seven months later (May 2021). The mean age was 17.65 and they represented golf and handball. (3) Results: The CGT contained four main categories seven months after the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic outbreak: Social support, Self-discipline, Physical practice and recovery and Management of everyday life. Fourteen months after the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic outbreak, four additional main categories emerged: More extensive social support, Belief in the future, Self-awareness and Responsibility and problem-solving. (4) Conclusions: The CTG suggests that student-athletes’ favorable adaptations to the stressful SARS-CoV-2-pandemic period 2020–2021 are based on a gradually developed ability to take responsibility for one’s own actions, insight into the importance of deepened social interaction, belief in a positive post-COVID future and increased awareness of physical activity and its relation to perceived health. © 2022 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2022. Vol. 19, no 19, article id 12512
Keywords [en]
biopsychosocial approach, corona mental health, focus group interviews, resilience, SARS-CoV-2-pandemic, youth athletes
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48547DOI: 10.3390/ijerph191912512ISI: 000866766300001PubMedID: 36231812Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85139948406OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-48547DiVA, id: diva2:1711471
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, 2020/3, P2021-0065Available from: 2022-11-17 Created: 2022-11-17 Last updated: 2022-11-17Bibliographically approved

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Johnson, UrbanHertting, KristerIvarsson, AndreasLindgren, Eva-Carin

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