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Motivational predictors of children's involvement in out-of-school activities: An application of a football program
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; University College Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7601-5645
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1461-9838
Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark.
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2609-5111
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2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 72-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The “11 for Health in Denmark” in-school educational football program has shown to have numerous positive physiological and psychological effects in 10- to 12-year-old schoolchildren. A key part of the successful application of the program, however, has not yet been examined, namely the motivational processes underlying participation and behavioral changes. This study examined such motivational processes (i.e., autonomous motivation, beliefs, and intentions) using the trans-contextual model (TCM) and investigated if the 11 for Health in Denmark program increased intentions to participate in physical activity (PA) outside of school in 10- to 12-year-old schoolchildren. Using a web-based questionnaire, Danish-speaking schoolchildren (N = 276 [boys, 50.4%]; Mage = 10.44, SD = 0.35) from three schools and seven classes completed TCM-based questionnaires at three time-points (weeks 0, 1, and 5) while participating in the 11 for Health in Denmark program. Single-indicator structural equation modeling was performed to examine goodness-of-fit and parameter estimates. A path analysis using maximum likelihood estimation was used to test the direct and indirect effects of the TCM model. The results partly supported a mediation sequence, as we found significant direct effects in eight of 13 motivational variables (β = −0.25–0.83, p <0.05), indirect effects in one of nine variables (β = 0.15, p < 0.01), but no effects with regard to PA behavior. Findings provide evidence for a motivational link between Danish-speaking schoolchildren's autonomous and controlled motivation from in school to out of school, and may inform future interventions promoting motivation and participation in out of school PA. © 2022 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2023. Vol. 33, no 1, p. 72-83
Keywords [en]
football, physical activity, self-determination theory, theory of planned behavior, trans-contextual model
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Health Innovation, M4HP
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48470DOI: 10.1111/sms.14236ISI: 000858470300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85138554038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-48470DiVA, id: diva2:1703443
Note

Funding: Aase og Ejnar Danielsens Fond; Danish Football Association; Nordeafonden

Available from: 2022-10-13 Created: 2022-10-13 Last updated: 2024-04-19Bibliographically approved

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Ivarsson, Andreas

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