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To be, or not to be, that is not the question: External researchers in emancipatory action research
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9293-0445
2024 (English)In: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 90-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article nuances an ongoing discussion among researchers about external researchers in emancipatory action research in the educational field. It examines opportunities and challenges for emancipatory action research for participants in top-down and bottom-up initiated action research projects with external researchers. An analysis based on variables for studying critical emancipatory action research highlights four central questions in both projects: whose choice, improvement for what, whose voice and improvement for whom. An external researcher could empower the understanding of the participants involved in terms of what to improve, contribute to all voices being heard, and strengthen improvements in those who were not in position of power in both top-down and bottom-up initiated action research. However, in the top-down initiative, the external researcher could not emancipate the participants in relation to the question whose choice it is to conduct action research, unlike in the bottom-up initiative. The findings indicate that involving external researchers in action research aiming for emancipation or not is not the relevant question. Instead, the question of relevance is what is required from external researchers in order to contribute to emancipation, a central question for all participants, for developing meaningful collaboration between school organisations and universities. © 2022 The Author(s). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2024. Vol. 32, no 1, p. 90-105
Keywords [en]
bottom-up, collaboration, empowerment, participatory action research, top-down
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-47904DOI: 10.1080/09650792.2022.2084132ISI: 000804684200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85131378667OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-47904DiVA, id: diva2:1688356
Available from: 2022-08-18 Created: 2022-08-18 Last updated: 2024-03-19Bibliographically approved

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Nehez, Jaana

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