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The four generations of district cooling - A categorization of the development in district cooling from origin to future prospect
Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9069-0807
Rambøll A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
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2022 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 253, article id 124098Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research into new advanced district heating concepts has increased since the first four generations of district heating were defined in 2014. This definition created a common framework for research and industry alike, and pointed to potential futures for district heating which could benefit from low-temperature heating in buildings. The fully developed fourth-generation district heating includes the cross-sectoral integration into the smart energy system. This paper defines four generations of district cooling to make a similar useful framework for district cooling. The first generation being pipeline refrigeration systems that were first introduced in the late 19th century, the second generation being mainly based on large compression chillers and cold water as distribution fluid, the third generation having a more diversified cold supply such as natural cooling, and the fourth generation combining cooling with other energy sectors sometimes into a renewable energy-based smart energy systems context, including combined heating and cooling. © 2022 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Elsevier, 2022. Vol. 253, article id 124098
Keywords [en]
District cooling generations, District cooling approaches, District cooling case review, Energy system integration
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-47898DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2022.124098ISI: 000800047100006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85129457791OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-47898DiVA, id: diva2:1688097
Note

Funding: Innovation Fund Denmark through the REINVEST project under Grant No. 6154-00022B

Available from: 2022-08-17 Created: 2022-08-17 Last updated: 2022-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Werner, Sven

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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