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The Role of Domain-Specific and Domain-General Cognitive Functionsand Skills in Sports Performance: A Meta-Analysis
University Of Vigo, Vigo, Spain; University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8519-6596
University Of Modena And Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2109-7652
German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1350-7903
German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany; London South Bank University, London, United Kingdom.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6546-1666
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2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Psychological bulletin, ISSN 0033-2909, E-ISSN 1939-1455, Vol. 147, nr 12, s. 1290-1308Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Cognition plays a key role in sports performance. This meta-analytic review synthesizes research that examined the relationship between cognitive functions, skills, and sports performance. We identified literature by searching Cochrane Library, APA PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science. We included studies conducted on competitive athletes, assessed cognitive prerequisites, and included performance measures related to the sport. Of the 9,433 screened records, 136 reports were included, containing 142 studies, 1,227 effect sizes, and 8,860 participants. Only 11 studies used a prospective study design. The risk of bias was assessed using the Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies. The multilevel meta-analysis showed a medium effect size for the overall difference in cognitive functions and skills, with higher skilled athletes scoring better than lower skilled athletes (Hedges' g = 0.59, 95% CI [0.49, 0.69]). The moderator analysis showed larger effect size for tests of cognitive decision-making skills (g = 0.77, 95% CI [0.6, 0.94]) compared to basic (g = 0.39, 95% CI [0.21, 0.56]) and higher cognitive functions (g = 0.44, 95% CI [0.26, 0.62]), as well as larger effect for sport-specific task stimuli compared to general ones. We report that higher skilled athletes perform better on cognitive function tests than lower skilled athletes. There was insufficient evidence to determine whether cognitive functions and skills can predict future sport performance. We found no evidence to support claims that tests of general cognitive functions, such as executive functioning, should be used by practitioners for talent identification or player selection. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association (APA), 2021. Vol. 147, nr 12, s. 1290-1308
Emneord [en]
cognitive functions, decision-making, expertise, sports level, sports performance
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46750DOI: 10.1037/bul0000355ISI: 000779479500005PubMedID: 35404636Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85127946898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-46750DiVA, id: diva2:1655329
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-05-02 Laget: 2022-05-02 Sist oppdatert: 2022-05-02bibliografisk kontrollert

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