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Regulatory focus och regulatory fit inom straffsparkar i fotboll
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Regulatory fit in penalty taking in football (English)
Abstract [sv]

Prestation i straffsparkar i fotboll inom ett själv-regulatoriskt fokus-ramverk undersöktes. Ävenkroniskt fokus och dess effekt på idrottsrelaterad ångest och emotioner under inramningarnastuderades. I en mixed faktoriell design gavs en regulatorisk inramning (promotion ochprevention) till deltagarna (n = 24) innan straffsparkarna (n = 24, Målder = 24.40, SD = 4.18 år).Deltagarna bestod av aktiva fotbollsspelare i ett manligt lag (n = 12) i division 2 respektive ettkvinnligt (n = 12) i division 1. Samtliga deltagare blev tilldelade att skjuta fem straffar underbåde en prevention och promotion-inramad straffsituation. Mätningar genomfördes pådeltagarnas prestation under de två olika inramningarna, upplevda emotioner underinramningarna samt på deras idrottsspecifika ångest. Resultaten visade att promotion-fokuseradeindivider presterade bättre i en promotion-inramad straffsituation (regulatory fit) jämfört med ien prevention-fokuserad straffsituation (regulatory miss). Prevention-fokuserade individerpresterade bättre i en prevention-inramad straffsituation jämfört med i en promotion-inramadstraffsituation. Studien visar att regulatory fit medförde lägre nivåer av negativa emotionerjämfört med regulatory miss. Dessutom har prevention-fokuserade deltagare visat en högreupplevd nivå av idrottsrelaterad ångest jämfört med de promotion-fokuserade deltagarna.Promotion-fokuserade deltagare har visat på en bättre prestation i straffsparkar oavsettregulatorisk inramning jämfört med de prevention-fokuserade deltagarna. Sammantaget visadestudien att det fanns en relation mellan kroniskt fokus och prestation under inramningar, kronisktfokus och emotioner under inramningar samt kroniskt fokus och idrottsspecifik ångest. Studien skulle kunna implementeras till tränare och spelare för att öka förståelsen om kroniskt fokus ochdess effekt på prestation och känslomässiga tillstånd.

Abstract [en]

Performance in penalty taking in football within a self-regulatory focus was examined, as well aschronic regulatory focus and its effect on sports related anxiety and emotions during the twodifferent frames. In a mixed factorial design with regulatory frames (promotion and prevention)was given to the participants (n = 24; Mage = 24.40, SD = 4.18 years) before the penalties weretaken. The participants in the study were all active football players. The participants consisted of12 male football players from a Swedish division 2 team and 12 female players from a Swedishdivision 1 team. Each participant was given five penalties in both prevention and promotionframed circumstances. Measures was implemented on the participants performance during thedifferent frames, perceived emotions during the frames and also on their sport specific anxiety.The results displayed that promotion focused individuals performed better in a promotion framedpenalty situation (fit) compared to the prevention framed penalty situation (miss). The sameapplied to prevention focused individuals that performed better in a prevention framed penaltysituation than in a promotion framed penalty situation. The study displayed that regulatory fitbrought lower scales of negative emotions compared to regulatory miss. In addition, theprevention focused participants showed a higher perceived level of sports related anxietycompared to the promotion focused participants. Promotion-focused participants have beenshown to perform better in penalty kicks regardless of regulatory framework compared to theprevention-focused participants. The study showed a relation between chronic regulatory focusand performance during the frames, chronic regulatory focus and emotions during the frames andalso between chronic regulatory focus and sports related anxiety. This study can be applied to coaches and players to raise awareness about chronic regulatory focus and its effect onperformance and emotional states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 41
Keywords [en]
chronic focus, frame, negative emotions, positive emotions, press, prevention, promotion
Keywords [sv]
Inramning, kroniskt fokus, negativa emotioner, positiva emotioner, press, prevention, promotion
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46662OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-46662DiVA, id: diva2:1651873
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Available from: 2022-03-16 Created: 2022-04-13 Last updated: 2022-05-12Bibliographically approved

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