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Reliability of Actigraphy and Subjective Sleep Measurements in Adults: The Design of Sleep Assessments
Unit of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4260-7399
Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine (JCSM), ISSN 1550-9389, E-ISSN 1550-9397, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 39-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate how many nights of measurement are needed for a reliable measure of sleep in a working population including adult women and men.

METHODS: In all, 54 individuals participated in the study. Sleep was assessed for 7 consecutive nights using actigraphy as an objective measure, and the Karolinska sleep diary for a subjective measure of quality. Using intra-class correlation and the Spearman-Brown formula, calculations of how many nights of measurements were required for a reliable measure were performed. Differences in reliability according to whether or not weekend measurements were included were investigated. Further, the correlation between objectively (actigraphy) measured sleep and subjectively measured sleep quality was studied over the different days of the week.

RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: The results concerning actigraphy sleep measures suggest that data from at least 2 nights are to be recommended when assessing sleep percent and at least 5 nights when assessing sleep efficiency. For actigraphy-measured total sleep time, more than 7 nights are needed. At least 6 nights of measurements are required for a reliable measure of self-reported sleep. Fewer nights (days) are required if measurements include only week nights. Overall, there was a low correlation between the investigated actigraphy sleep parameters and subjective sleep quality, suggesting that the two methods of measurement capture different dimensions of sleep.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Darien, IL: The American Academy of Sleep Medicine , 2017. Vol. 13, no 1, p. 39-47
Keywords [en]
actigraph, method, repeated measures, sleep diary, sleep efficiency, sleep quality
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-44197DOI: 10.5664/jcsm.6384ISI: 000394468000008PubMedID: 27707448Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85016080829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-44197DiVA, id: diva2:1546505
Note

Funding Agency:

Stockholm Stress Center

FAS/Forte (Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research) Center of Excellence  Grant Number: 2009-1758

Future Occupational Health Services FAS/Forte Grant Number: 2010-1563

Available from: 2021-04-22 Created: 2021-04-22 Last updated: 2022-12-07Bibliographically approved

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