hh.sePublications
1819202122232421 of 41
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Kvinnor respektive mäns upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women and men´s experiences of myocardial infarction (English)
Abstract [sv]

I Sverige är hjärtinfarkt den vanligaste orsaken till dödsfall. Kunskap kring upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt hos olika patientgrupper brister hos både allmänheten, patienter och sjukvårdspersonal. Kunskapsbristen beror dels på att förutfattade meningar om hur en hjärtinfarkt bör kännas och hur den faktiskt upplevs, inte stämmer överens. Legitimerad sjuksköterska skall undervisa och bidra till kunskap hos såväl patienter som anhöriga och andra yrkesprofessioner. Sjuksköterskan skall också arbeta för att etablera, bibehålla och tillämpa en jämlik vård. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa kvinnor respektive mäns upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes. Tio artiklar analyserades utifrån en innehållsanalys. Resultat: Fyra kategorier uppkom: (1) varierad symtombeskrivning, (2) bristande kunskap om hjärtinfarkt, (3) rädsla och osäkerhet, och (4) varierande förtroende för sjukvården, med tillhörande underkategorier: kvinnor respektive män. Litteraturstudien visade att upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt kunde både vara liknande och skiljas åt hos kvinnor respektive män. Konklusion: Individanpassad vård och god kunskap framkom vara centrala delar för rätt bedömning av patienter med hjärtsjukdom. Det framkom att en osäkerhet eller okunskap präglade patienternas upplevelse av hjärtinfarkten, vilket påverkade hur en patient agerade i relation till sjukdomstillståndet.

Abstract [en]

In Sweden, myocardial infarction is the most common cause of death. Knowledge about experiences of myocardial infarction in various patient-groups is lacking in both the general public, patients and healthcare professionals. The lack of knowledge is partly due to the fact that preconceptions about how a heart attack should feel and how the actual experience is experienced, do not agree. A registered nurse should educate and support knowledge in patients as well as relatives and other professional professions. The nurse should also work to establish, maintain and apply and provide equal care. Aim: The aim was to illustrate women and men’s experiences of myocardial infarction. Method: A general literature study was conducted. Ten articles were analyzed based of a content analysis. Results: Four main categories emerged: (1) varied symptom description, (2) lack of knowledge about myocardial infarction, (3) fear and uncertainty and (4) varying trust in healthcare, with associated subcategories: women and men. The literature study showed that experiences of myocardial infarction could be both similar and various among women and men. Conclusion: Individualized care and high knowledge appeared to be central parts for the proper assessment of patients with heart disease. It was found that uncertainty or lack of knowledge characterized the patients' experience of myocardial infarction, which linked how a patient acted in relation to the condition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Experience, myocardial infarction, men, women
Keywords [sv]
Hjärtinfarkt, kvinnor, män, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-42064OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-42064DiVA, id: diva2:1430834
Subject / course
Health and lifestyle
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-04-30 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2020-05-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1256 kB)87 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 1256 kBChecksum SHA-512
321342bb134996a52d100e59846632a4a20a1f7d919f3be5c1f6dc33723e0dcd5014d7ac1988b8763c2056d9caa3eda20f5ced60017815d8abed56d031184ee6
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
School of Health and Welfare
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 87 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 60 hits
1819202122232421 of 41
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf