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Faktorer som påverkar individer med diabetes mellitus typ 1 att utföra fysisk aktivitet: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The experience of performing physical activity as part of their self-care in type 1 diabetes : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fysisk aktivitet är en del av egenvården för individer med diabetes mellitus typ 1. Upprätthålla en god glykemisk balans samt att inte drabbas av hypoglykemi beskrivs vara en svårighet. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa faktorer som påverkar individer med diabetes mellitus typ 1 att utföra fysisk aktivitet som en del av egenvården. Metod: Studien genomfördes genom en allmän litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats. Resultatet baserades på nio vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Tre kategorier framkom: Kunskapsläget hos sjuksköterskan och individen, Förmåga att använda strategier samt Förekomsten av stöd till individer. Individer upplevde en rädsla för att drabbas av hypoglykemi vid fysisk aktivitet, och denna rädsla var starkt kopplad till de olika faktorerna kunskap, strategier och stöd. Dock upplevdes sjuksköterskans stöd bristfälligt. Konklusion: Litteraturstudien påvisade att det fanns faktorer som påverkade individens utförande av fysisk aktivitet. Vidare forskning om faktorer som kan underlätta fysisk aktivitet för individer med diabetes mellitus typ 1 är nödvändigt. Eftersom sjuksköterskan i undervisningen om egenvård ska kunna bidra med större kunskap, ett bättre stöd och bättre strategier för hanteringen av individens egenvård vid fysisk aktivitet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Physical activity is a part of self-care for individuals with diabetes mellitus type 1. To not suffer from hypoglycemia and to maintain a good glycemic balance is described to be of difficulty. Aim: The aim was to highlight the factors that affect individuals with diabetes mellitus type 1 to execute physical activity as a part of their self-care. Method: The study was carried out through a literature review with inductive approach. The result was based on nine papers. Result: Three categories emerged: Knowledge, Strategies and Emotional support. Individuals experienced a fear of hypoglycemia while doing physical activities. This fear was strongly related to different factors and the nurse’s support was perceived as inadequate. Conclusion: The literary study showed the factors that affected the individual's execution for physical activity. Further research about factors that can facilitate physical activity for individuals with Diabetes mellitus type 1 is necessary. This should be implemented in the nurse’s instruction to the individual to give a wider knowledge. Also, to give a better emotional support thus contributing to better strategies in handling the individual’s self-care with physical activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Type 1 diabetes, physical activity, self-care, the nurse's support
Keywords [sv]
Diabetes Mellitus typ 1, egenvård, fysisk aktivitet, sjuksköterskans stöd
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-42039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-42039DiVA, id: diva2:1429718
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
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Available from: 2020-04-30 Created: 2020-05-12 Last updated: 2020-05-12Bibliographically approved

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1314151617181916 of 41
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