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Tveksamhet till vaccination hos vuxna: En litteraturöversikt
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Vaccine hesitancy with adults : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Vacciner har under många år varit en av de största bidragande faktorerna till en god folkhälsa. När många invånare vaccinerar sig skyddas fler mot smittsamma virussjukdomar i samhället. En tveksamhet till vacciner finns trots det hos många människor. Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka orsaker till vaccinationstveksamhet hos vuxna. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes för att besvara syftet. Tre databaser användes för informationssökning. Innehållet i artiklarna granskades med stöd av kategorisering av åsikter i en tabell. Resultat: Resultatet för litteraturstudien består av fyra kvantitativa artiklar, fem kvalitativa samt en med mixad metod. Fyra kategorier påvisades: brist på kunskap, oro, rädsla och brist på tillit, brist på stöd och attityder och kulturella aspekter. I resultatet framkom ett flertal anledningar till att individer erhöll en tveksamhet till vaccin däribland bristande kunskap och rädsla. Slutsats: Mer forskning krävs för att identifiera åtgärder som sjuksköterskan kan använda sig av i mötet med patienter som är tveksamma till vaccin.

Abstract [en]

Background: For many years, vaccines have been one of the major contributing factors to good public health. The fact that many people vaccinate provides protection against several viral diseases in society. Nevertheless, there are many people that have doubts about vaccines. Objective: The aim of the literature study was to investigate the causes of vaccination hesitancy with adults. Methods: A general literature study was conducted to answer the purpose. Three databases where used for information retrieval. The content of the articles was examined with the aid off categorization of opinions in a table. Results: The result of the literature study consists of four quantitative articles, five qualitative articles and one with a mixed method. The content of the articles was reviewed, and four categories were identified: lack of knowledge, concerns, fears and lack of trust, lack of support and attitudes and cultural aspects. In the results, there were a number of reasons why individuals hold a doubt towards vaccine, including lack of knowledge and fear. Conclusion: More research is needed to identify actions that the nurse can use when meeting patients with vaccine hesitancy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
Adults, causes, hesitancy, vaccination
Keywords [sv]
Orsaker, tveksamhet, vaccination, vuxna
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-42015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-42015DiVA, id: diva2:1428885
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-04-29 Created: 2020-05-07 Last updated: 2020-05-11Bibliographically approved

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2728293031323330 of 41
CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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