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Parasport, motivation och livskvalité: en kvalitativ studie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Parasport, motivation and quality of life: a qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka fysiskt funktionsnedsatta individers motivation till att delta i parasport och deltagandets betydelse för deras livskvalité (QoL). I studien deltog 11 intervjupersoner med fysisk funktionsnedsättning, fem kvinnor och sex män i åldrarna 19-74 (M=32.6, SD=16.3). Samtliga deltagare hade varit aktiva i parasport minst två månader innan inledd studie. En semistrukturerad intervjuguide tillämpades. Resultatet delades in i fyra teman baserat på motivation och livskvalité; Fysik som möjlighet och svårighet, känna gemenskap, känna psykiskt välmående och parasportens villkor. Deltagarna upplevde att parasporten ökade deras livskvalité och att det var en motiverande faktor till att delta. Deltagarna uttryckte ökad fysisk funktion, mindre smärta, social gemenskap, psykiskt välmående och glädje som motiv till deltagande. ”Att se bra ut” var en rapporterad, ej tidigare beskriven, förklaring till motivation till deltagande i parasport. Barriärer som upplevdes begränsa deltagandet i parasport var brist på energi, smärt, sociala och praktiska hinder. Baserat på resultatet av studien är rekommendationerna att ytterligare ansträngningar görs för att underlätta övervinnandet av barriärerna som ligger till grund för lågt deltagande i parasport. Detta för att ge fler möjligheten att ta del av de positiva hälsofördelar parasporten kan ha på livskvalité.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to investigate physically disabled individuals motivation to participate in parasport and the importance of participation in their quality of life (QoL). In the study, 11 interviewees, five women and six men with physical disabilities aged 19-74 (M=32.6, SD=16.3) participated. All participants had been active in parasporting for at least two months within the initiated study. A semi-structured interview guide was used. The results were divided up in four themes based on motivation and quality of life; Physical activity like opportunity and difficulty, feeling of community, feeling mentally well-off and matching the conditions of the sport. The parasport participants felt that the parasport increased their quality of life and that it was a motivating factor to participate. The participants in the study expressed increased physical function, less pain, social community, mental well-being and joy as motives for participation. "Looking good" was a reported, not previously described, explanation of motivation for participating in parasport. Barriers that were perceived to limit participation in parasport were lack of energy, pain, social and practical barriers. Based on the results of this study, the recommendations are that further efforts are made to facilitate the winning of the barriers underlying low participation in parasport. In order to give more people the opportunity to take advantage of the positive health benefits that parasport can have on the quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Barriers, Motivation, Parasport, Physical Disability, Quality of life, SelfDetermination Theory, The Systemic Quality of Life Model
Keywords [sv]
Barriärer, Fysisk funktionsnedsättning, Livskvalité, Motivation, Parasport, Självbestämmandeteori, The Systemic Quality of Life Model
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41954DiVA, id: diva2:1424199
Subject / course
Psychology Targeting Sport
Educational program
Sport Science - Sport and Exercise Psychology, 180 credits
Examiners
Available from: 2020-05-04 Created: 2020-04-16 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved

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1213141516171815 of 41
CiteExportLink to record
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