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Vårdpersonals upplevelser och erfarenheter av debriefing efter en kritisk händelse: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Healthcare personnel’s experiences of debriefing after a critical incident : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Vårdpersonal kan vara i behov av krisstöd efter professionsrelaterade kritiska händelser. Debriefing används som krisstöd för vårdpersonal men effekten är omdiskuterad. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa vårdpersonals upplevelser och erfarenheter av debriefing efter en kritisk händelse. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes. Tio artiklar analyserades med inspiration av innehållsanalys. Resultat: Två huvudkategorier uppkom med tillhörande subkategorier: Upplevt behov av debriefing med tillhörande subkategorier Emotionellt behov och Professionellt utvecklingsbehov samt Aspekter som påverkar debriefingens effekt och användning med tillhörande subkategorier Organisatoriska och individuella aspekter och Aspekter angående debriefingens struktur. Vårdpersonalen upplevde att debriefing kunde tillgodose det emotionella behovet och det professionella utvecklingsbehovet efter kritiska händelser samt leda till förbättrad vård och ökad patientsäkerhet. Debriefingens användning och effekt påverkades dock av ett flertal omgivningsfaktorer. Konklusion: Vårdpersonal har ett stort behov av krisstöd som debriefing men sjukvårdsmiljön försvårar effektiv användning av debriefing. Vidare forskning krävs för att debriefing ska kunna användas effektivt, alternativt för att finna fler lämpliga krisstöd för vårdpersonal.

Abstract [en]

Background: Healthcare personnel may be in need of crisis support after profession-related critical incidents. Debriefing is used as crisis support for healthcare personnel, but the effect is debated. Aim: The aim was to illustrate healthcare personnel’s experiences of debriefing after a critical incident. Method: A general literature study was done. Ten articles were analysed with inspiration from content analysis. Result: Two main categories emerged with associated subcategories: Perceived need of debriefing with associated subcategories Emotional need and Professional need of development as well as Aspects that affect the effect and use of debriefing with associated subcategories Organisational and individual aspects and Aspects regarding the debriefing’s structure. The healthcare personnel felt that debriefing could satisfy the emotional need and the professional need of development after critical incidents as well as lead to better care and safer care. Although, the use and effect of debriefing was affected by several environmental factors. Conclusion: Healthcare personnel have a large need of crisis support like debriefing, but the healthcare setting hampers effective use of debriefing. Further research is required to be able to use debriefing effectively, alternatively to find more suitable forms of crisis support for healthcare personnel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Critical incident, debriefing, experience, healthcare personnel
Keywords [sv]
Debriefing, erfarenheter, kritiska händelser, upplevelser, vårdpersonal
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41476OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41476DiVA, id: diva2:1390295
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-04 Created: 2020-01-31 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved

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