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Erfarenheter av hjärtrehabilitering hos patienter med kardiovaskulära sjukdomar
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients with cardiovascular diseases experiences of cardiac rehabilitation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kardiovaskulära sjukdomar är den vanligaste dödsorsaken i världen. Hjärtrehabilitering är en omtumlande situation för de drabbade. Att som vårdpersonal ha insikt om patienters erfarenheter av hjärtrehabilitering efter kardiovaskulär sjukdom är betydelsefullt för att kunna tillgodose en god och personcentrerad omvårdnad. Den strukturerade litteraturstudiens syfte var att belysa patienters erfarenheter av hjärtrehabilitering vid kardiovaskulära sjukdomar. Studiens resultat grundades på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Tre huvudteman framkom i resultatet; Erfarenhet av stöd, Erfarenhet av information och Erfarenhet av fysisk aktivitet. I resultatet framkom det att peer support har en betydande roll i hjärtrehabiliteringen, både ur ett socialt- och psykiskt perspektiv. Det fanns en osäkerhet kring fysisk aktivitet efter insjuknande, framförallt vid kroppsliga reaktioner som påminde om insjuknandet. Den stora mängd information som gavs i den akuta fasen ansågs vara svår att absorbera. Den erhållna informationen ansågs vara mer generell och inte skräddarsydd efter patientens egna hinder och möjligheter. Det finns ett behov av vidare utbildning om patienters erfarenheter hos vårdpersonal för att kunna applicera en god och personcentrerad omvårdnad till patientgruppen.

Abstract [en]

Cardiovascular diseases is the most common cause of death in the world. Cardiac rehabilitation is an difficult time for the affected. Health professionals need insight in patients experiences of cardiac rehabilitation to be able to provide good and person centered care. The aim of the structured literature study was to explore patients affected by cardiovascular diseases experiences of cardiac rehabilitation. the result of the study was based on 11 scientific articles with a qualitative approach. Three main themes emerged: Experiences of support, Experiences of information and Experiences of physical activity. The result illustrate the significance of peer support in cardiac rehabilitation for participants, both social and psychological. Participants experienced insecurity regarding physical activity, especially because it reminded them of their negative experiences of chest pain and increased heart rate.The information received at the acute phase was hard for the patients to absorb. The information was perceived as general by the patients and not customized for their specific situation. A need for further education about patients experiences for health professionals is seen for them to be able to provide a good and person centered care

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
Cardiac rehabilitation, cardiovascular disease, experience, information, support
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, hjärtrehabilitering, information, kardiovaskulär sjukdom, stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41381DiVA, id: diva2:1386098
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-20 Created: 2020-01-16 Last updated: 2020-01-20Bibliographically approved

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