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Tillbaka till skolbänken: Vuxna patienter diagnostiserade med typ 2-diabetes upplevelser av patientundervisning
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Back to school : Adult patients with type 2-diabetes experience of diabetic education (English)
Abstract [sv]

Typ 2-diabetes är en utbredd sjukdom som ställer höga krav på kunskap hos patienterna som lever med sjukdomen, komplikationerna är många men påverkbara av patienten själv. Patienter diagnostiserade med typ 2-diabetes kräver undervisning för att erhålla goda egenvårdsfärdigheter, vilket minimerar uppkomsten av komplikationer. Sjuksköterskor utbildar patienterna som en del av omvårdnadsarbetet för att främja hälsa och minska komplikationer. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa hur vuxna patienter diagnostiserade med typ 2-diabetes upplevde patientundervisning. Studien utfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie utifrån en induktiv ansats. Fyra kategorier uppkom i litteraturstudiens resultat: Lärandeaktiviteternas betydelse, lärares karaktär och bemötande, sjukdomsinsikt och självförtroende och informationens relevans. Både patientundervisning i gruppformat och individuellt upplevdes positivt, kritik riktades mot bristen på individanpassad undervisning. Det framkom i litteraturstudien att patienternas upplevelser av den som undervisade påverkade huruvida undervisningen var gynnsam eller ej. Patienternas egenvårdsförmåga upplevdes öka. Till stor del upplevde patienterna information given under undervisningen vara relevant. Patienternas upplevelser bör tas i beaktande vid utformning av patientundervisning, utbildning av sjuksköterskor samt av sjuksköterskor i klinisk verksamhet. Motiveringen är att undervisningen skall vara så gynnsam för patienterna diagnostiserade med typ 2-diabetes som möjligt.

Abstract [en]

Type 2-diabetes is a widespread disease that places high demands on knowledge in the patients living with the disease, the complications are many but possible to be affected by the patients themselves. Patients diagnosed with type 2- diabetes require education to obtain good self-care ability, which minimizes the onset of complications. Nurses educate patients diagnosed with type 2-diabetes as part of the nursing work to promote health and reduce complications. The purpose of the literature study was to elucidate how adult patients diagnosed with type 2-diabetes experienced patient education. The study was conducted as a general literature study, with an inductive approach. Four categories emerged in the literature study's results: The learnings activities importance, the character and attitude of the teacher, insight in the disease and self-confidence and the relevance of the information. Both patient education in group form and individually were experienced positive, criticism was directed at the lack of individualized education. It was found in the literature study that the patients' experiences of the teacher affected whether the teaching was favorable or not. Patients' self-care ability was experienced to increase. To a large extent, the patients perceived information given during the education to be relevant. Patients' experiences should be taken into account when designing patient education, training of nurses, and of nurses in clinical practice. The motivation is that teaching should be as beneficial to patients diagnosed with type 2-diabetes as possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
Nursing, patient experience, patient education, type 2-diabetes
Keywords [sv]
Omvårdnad, patienters upplevelser, patientundervisning, typ 2-diabetes
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41363OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41363DiVA, id: diva2:1384799
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-13 Created: 2020-01-10 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved

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7891011121310 of 49
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