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Sjuksköterskans bemötande till patienter med hepatit B och hepatit C: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses’ attitudes towards patients with hepatitis B and hepatitis C (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hepatit B och hepatit C räknas i dag som de största infektionssjukdomarna i världen med dödlig utgång. Sjukdomarna rapporteras som en världsomfattande börda och mellan år 2018 och 2019 uppgavs 1,9 miljoner människor avlidit. I omvårdnadsarbetet ska sjuksköterskan värna om patienten och arbeta personcentrerat, visa respekt och inte kränka patienten. Patienter med hepatit B och C har uttryckt sig känna av stigmatisering och förutfattade meningar om hur de smittats, de kände även av att bemötandet i omvårdnaden kunde påverkas negativt. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att utforska sjuksköterskors bemötande till patienter med hepatit B och C. Metoden utgick från en allmän litteraturstudie där 13 vetenskapliga artiklar presenterade resultat på hur sjuksköterskor bemöter patienter med blodsmitta. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor bemöter patienter med hepatit B och C olika med både positiva och negativa attityder. Det fanns signifikanta samband mellan låg kunskap och ett sämre bemötande. Det berodde bland annat på rädsla och förutfattade meningar som speglades i omvårdnadsarbetet. Det fanns även signifikanta samband mellan korrekt tillämpning i basala hygienrutiner och ett tryggt omvårdnadsarbete för sjuksköterskan. Konklusion: Bemötandet till patienter med hepatit B och C var övergripande positivt men det förekom sjuksköterskor med ett stigmatiserande synsätt och motvillighet till att bemöta dessa patienter.

Abstract [en]

Background: Hepatitis B and C are currently considered to be the largest infectious diseases with lethal repercussions. The diseases are considered a worldwide burden, which between 2018 and 2019, caused the death of an estimated 1,9 million people. In nursing, nurses are meant to shield patients, work on a personal basis with them, show the respect and not offend them. Patients with hepatitis B and C have expressed a feeling of stigmatization and prejudice towards how they were infected. Therefore, they feel their care could be affected in a negative way. The aim of this literature study was to explore nurses’ attitudes towards patients with hepatitis B and C. The method emanated from a literature study where 13 scientific articles showed results for how nurses’ attitudes towards patients with blood diseases varies. The results showed that nurses’ attitudes towards patient infected with hepatitis B and C can be both positive and negative. Statistically significant associations occurred between a lack of knowledge and worsened attitude in nursing, the reason was often because of fear and preconceptions. Findings showed a relation between using correct safe precautions and confidence in nursing. Conclusion: The attitude towards patients with hepatitis B and C was positive over all but there were some nurses with a stigmatized perception and reluctance to handle those patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Attitude, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Nurse
Keywords [sv]
Bemötande, Hepatit B, Hepatit C, Sjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41342OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41342DiVA, id: diva2:1382942
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Presentation
2019-12-11, E 116, Otto Torells gata 16, 432 44, Varberg, 14:30 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-07 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved

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1920212223242522 of 49
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