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En tickande bomb: Patienters upplevelse av aortaaneurysm
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A ticking time bomb : Patients’ experience of aortic aneurysm (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Aortaaneurysm är en asymtomatisk sjukdom som främst drabbar rökande män. Sjukdomsförloppet utgörs av en långsam vidgning av aneurysmen som kan resultera i en ruptur med hög dödlighet. I Sverige kallas alla män över 65 år till screening för aortaaneurysm, i ett försök att reducera dödligheten i sjukdomen. Sjukdomen kan behandlas via konservativ behandling eller operation. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelse av aortaaneurysm. Metod: En litteraturstudie med induktiv innehållsanalys användes för att analysera tio artiklar från databaserna CINAHL, PubMed och Scopus. Resultat: Efter analys av artiklarna framkom fyra teman i resultatet: Upplevelser av diagnostisering, Upplevelser av konservativ behandling, Upplevelser av det pre-operativa stadiet och Upplevelser av det postoperativa stadiet. Att diagnostiseras med aortaaneurysm reducerade patienters välbefinnande. Patienter fick inte tillräckligt med information om sjukdomen. Att infinna sig vid screening, uppföljning och operation upplevdes inte som frivilligt. Konklusion: Det är av vikt att vårdprofessionella utövar god omvårdnad genom patientinformation och upprättar en god relation med patienten. Mer forskning krävs för att kunna väga för och nackdelarna med ett nationellt screeningprogram.

Abstract [en]

Background: Aortic aneurysm is an asymptomatic disease that mainly affects smoking men. The course of the disease comprises of a slow widening of the aneurysm, which may cause a rupture that is associated with a high risk of mortality. In Sweden, all men over the age of 65 are called for screening for aortic aneurysm, to reduce the disease specific mortality. The disease can either be treated conservatively or surgically. Aim: The aim of this study was to portray patients’ experiences of aortic aneurysm. Method: A literature overview with inductive content analysis was used to analyse ten articles from the databases CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus. Result: After analysis of the articles four themes emerged: Experiences of diagnosis, Experiences of conservative treatment, Experiences of the pre-operative stage and Experiences of the post-operative stage. To be diagnosed with aortic aneurysm reduced patients’ well-being. Patients did not receive sufficient information regarding the disease. To attend screening, follow-up and operation wasn’t perceived as voluntary. Conclusion: It is important that healthcare professionals practice good care through patient-information and establish a good relationship with the affected. Further research is needed to be able to weigh the pros and cons with a national screening program.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
Aortic aneurysm, experience, nursing, patients.
Keywords [sv]
Aortaaneurysm, omvårdnad, patienter, upplevelser.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41334DiVA, id: diva2:1382672
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-03 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved

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2021222324252623 of 49
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