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Toward Reliable and Scalable Internet-of-Vehicles: Performance Analysis and Resource Management
School of Internet of Things Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China.
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1093-4865
Department of Automation, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6253-7802
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). Department of Electrical Engineering, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4894-4134
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2020 (English)In: Proceedings of the IEEE, ISSN 0018-9219, E-ISSN 1558-2256, Vol. 108, no 2, p. 324-340Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reliable and scalable wireless transmissions for Internet-of-Vehicles (IoV) are technically challenging. Each vehicle, from driver-assisted to automated one, will generate a flood of information, up to thousands of times of that by a person. Vehicle density may change drastically over time and location. Emergency messages and real-time cooperative control messages have stringent delay constraints while infotainment applications may tolerate a certain degree of latency. On a congested road, thousands of vehicles need to exchange information badly, only to find that service is limited due to the scarcity of wireless spectrum. Considering the service requirements of heterogeneous IoV applications, service guarantee relies on an in-depth understanding of network performance and innovations in wireless resource management leveraging the mobility of vehicles, which are addressed in this article. For single-hop transmissions, we study and compare the performance of vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) beacon broadcasting using random access-based (IEEE 802.11p) and resource allocation-based (cellular vehicle-to-everything) protocols, and the enhancement strategies using distributed congestion control. For messages propagated in IoV using multihop V2V relay transmissions, the fundamental network connectivity property of 1-D and 2-D roads is given. To have a message delivered farther away in a sparse, disconnected V2V network, vehicles can carry and forward the message, with the help of infrastructure if possible. The optimal locations to deploy different types of roadside infrastructures, including storage-only devices and roadside units with Internet connections, are analyzed. © 2019 IEEE

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2020. Vol. 108, no 2, p. 324-340
Keywords [en]
Internet-of-Vehicles (IoV), reliability, scalability, wireless communications
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41305DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2019.2950349ISI: 000510677500009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85076826764OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41305DiVA, id: diva2:1381653
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research ELLIIT - The Linköping‐Lund Initiative on IT and Mobile CommunicationsKnowledge Foundation
Note

Funding: The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Compute Canada, Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC), the 111 Project, under Grant B12018; in part by the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under Grant 61973218.

Available from: 2019-12-25 Created: 2019-12-25 Last updated: 2020-03-10Bibliographically approved

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Vinel, Alexey

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