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Patientens uppfattning om att vara delaktig i vården: Ett patientperspektiv
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Människans livslängd förväntas bli längre vilket leder till att fler personer behöver vård. Vårdpersonal behöver därför använda flera strategier för att förbättra hälsan och livskvalitén, en av strategierna är att patienterna får vara delaktiga i sin vård. Därav är patientdelaktigheten viktig för patienternas välmående och livskvalité. Patientlagen (2014:821) syftar till att hälso- och sjukvården ska stärka patienten samt främja patientens självbestämmande och delaktighet. Syftet var att beskriva patientens uppfattning om delaktigheten i vården. En allmän litteraturstudie utfördes och resultatet baserades på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar. Studieresultatet resulterade i två kategorier: förutsättningar för delaktighet och påverkansfaktorer. Resultatet visade att vårdpersonalens bemötande och tillit påverkade patientdeltagandet och känslan av att vara involverad i sin vård. När patienten fick tillräckligt med information angående sin vård ökade förståelse för hälsosituationen och möjligheten till att vara delaktig i sin vård. Patientdeltagandet ökade när patienterna kände sig hörda och förstådda samt när det skapades en bra. relation med vårdpersonalen.

Abstract [en]

Human life is expected to be longer, which means that more people need healthcare. Therefore, healthcare professionals need to use several strategies to improve human health and quality of life, one of the strategies being to allow patients to be involved in their care. Hence, patient participat'ion is important for patients' well-being and quality of life. The Patient Act (2014: 821) aims for the health care system to strengthen the patient and promote the patient's self-determination and participation. The purpose was to describe patients' perceptions of participation in healthcare. A systematic literature review was conducted and the result was based on 11 scientific articles. The study resulted in two categories: conditions for participation and influencing factors. The result showed that the care staff's attitude and confidence affected the patient's participation and the feeling of being involved in their healthcare. When the patients received better information regarding their care, they were able to understand their health situation better and were given a greater opportunity to be involved in their own healthcare. Patient participation increased when patients felt heard and understood as well as when a good relationship was created with the healthcare staff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 13
Keywords [en]
Patient participation, Patient involvement, Nurse
Keywords [sv]
Patientdelaktighet, Patient involvering, Sjuksköterska
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41299DiVA, id: diva2:1381622
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Presentation
2019-12-23, 08:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2019-12-23 Last updated: 2020-01-02Bibliographically approved

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3637383940414239 of 49
CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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