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Development and application of a questionnaire to self-rate physical work demands for ground combat soldiers
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Department of Medical Imaging and Physiology, Skåne University Hospital Department of Translational Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Swedish Armed Forces, Eksjö, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0613-4096
Department of Medical Imaging and Physiology, Skåne University Hospital Department of Translational Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9991-3712
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9337-5113
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Rheumatology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8081-579X
2020 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 83, article id 103002Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to identify the most physically demanding work tasks for Swedish ground combat soldiers through the development and application of a questionnaire survey. This is the first in a series of studies aiming to describe the development process and validation of physical selection standards in the Swedish armed forces.

Methods: Based on procedural documentation, combat manuals and job analyses, a questionnaire was developed that defined and rated the perceived physical strain of 30 work tasks for ground combat soldiers. To assess validity, an expert focus group was used and psychometric analysis performed. The questionnaire was then distributed to 231 ground combat soldiers, of whom 165 responded (71%).

Results: The questionnaire was validated in three steps to achieve face and content validity, and internal consistency was acceptable (Chronbach's alpha ≥0.95). Of the 30 work tasks included in the survey, transport of wounded was rated as the most demanding task for both aerobic capacity and strength. Other highly demanding tasks for aerobic capacity included combat movement (low/high crawl), dismounted attack in close country, urban and rough terrain and carrying heavy loads. There were no gender differences for either aerobic or strength demands in the top five most challenging tasks based on proportions.

Conclusions: This study identified the most physically demanding tasks performed in the Swedish ground combat forces. Almost all the physically demanding tasks found in the present study contain elements of lifting and carrying, which require muscular strength and muscular endurance, with no gender differences. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 83, article id 103002
Keywords [en]
Ground combat soldiers, Work-demands, Physical demand, Aerobic capacity
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40998DOI: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.103002ISI: 000504789500007PubMedID: 31747636Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074946049OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-40998DiVA, id: diva2:1371788
Funder
Swedish Armed ForcesAvailable from: 2019-11-20 Created: 2019-11-20 Last updated: 2020-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, JonasOlsson, M. CharlotteBremander, Ann

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