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Rådgivande samtal i samband med alkoholproblematik ur ett patientperspektiv: En allmän litteraturöversikt
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
People´s experience of counseling as a method of treatment for alcohol misuse : A general literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Alkoholproblematik förekommer i hela världen och drabbar miljoner människor på olika sätt. Tidigare forskning visar att rådgivande samtal är en effektiv metod för patienter med alkoholproblematik, som vill genomgå en förändring i sitt beteende. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelser av rådgivande samtal i samband med alkoholproblematik. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats baserades på åtta vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultatet gav tre teman: upplevelser av vårdrelationen, upplevelser av behandlingsmetoden och upplevelser av behandlingsmetodens effekt. Resultat: Litteraturöversikten belyser hur patienter med alkoholproblematik upplever rådgivande samtal. Temat upplevelse av vårdrelationen visade hur viktigt det var för patienten att känna sig förstådda av samtalsledaren och att det fanns tillit och trygghet för att patienten skulle våga prata om sin alkoholkonsumtion. Temat upplevelse av behandlingsmetoden visade att patienterna hade delade åsikter om rådgivande samtal, men att större delen av patientgruppen upplevde de rådgivande samtalen som behjälpliga. Temat upplevelse av behandlingsmetodens effekt visade att patienterna upplevde att det fått mer kunskap om hur alkohol kan påverka olika delar i livet, och det gav motivation till att begränsa sin alkoholkonsumtion. Slutsats: Patienterna upplevde att vårdrelationen var viktigt i ett rådgivande samtal. Det rådgivande samtalet var också tvunget ha ett syfte för att upplevas relevant av patienterna.

Abstract [en]

Background: Alcohol misuse is prevalent around the world and affects a great number of people. Early research shows that brief interventions are an effective method of treatment for persons when changing behaviors associated with alcohol misuse. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patient’s experiences of counseling as used to treat alcohol misuse. Method: A general literature review with an inductive approach was based on eight scientific articles. In the result three different themes emerged: experiences of the care relationship, experiences of the counseling method and experiences of the counseling effect. Result: The literature review illustrates how patients with alcohol problems experience counseling. The theme experiences of the care relationship showed how important it was to feel understood by the interviewer and that there was trust and safety for the patient to dare to talk about the alcohol consumption. The theme experiences of the counseling method showed that the patients had shared opinions about counseling, but most of the patients experienced the counseling as helpful. The theme experiences of the counseling effect showed that the patients experienced that they gained more knowledge about how alcohol can affect different parts of their lives, and it gave motivation to limit their alcohol consumption. Conclusion: The patients experienced that the care relationship was important in counseling. The counseling was also compelled to have a purpose in order to be considered relevant by the patients.       

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
alcohol, brief intervention, counselling, experience, patient
Keywords [sv]
alkohol, kort intervention, patient, rådgivande samtal, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40774OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-40774DiVA, id: diva2:1362861
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved

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2526272829303128 of 33
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