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Patientens upplevelse av omvårdnaden kring sin trakeostomi
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The patient’s experience of care regarding their tracheostomy (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Trakeostomi erhålls av patienter som behöver en fri luftväg, både i akut skede och under en längre tid. Trots att trakeostomin är en viktig livsuppehållande åtgärd, medföljer risker. Kommunikation ligger till grund för god personcentrerad omvårdnad, som är en av sjuksköterskans kärnkompetenser. Personcentrerad omvårdnad lyfter fram patientens styrkor, tillgångar och involverar personen i sin omvårdnad. Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka patientens upplevelse av omvårdnad kring sin trakeostomi. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes i databaserna CINAHL, PubMed och Psycinfo. Resultat: Att ha en trakeostomi uppfattades som en känslomässigt påfrestande upplevelse. Trakeostomin påverkade patientens förmåga att kunna tala, vilket uppfattades som fysiskt och psykiskt påfrestande. Behovet av innehållsrik information, tålamod och närvaro från sjuksköterskan var viktiga delar för att skapa trygghet och lugn hos patienten. Att involvera patienten i sin omvårdnad medförde gynnsamma förutsättningar för den personcentrerade omvårdnaden och skapade tillit i vårdrelationen. Slutsats: Föreliggande studie visar att trakeostomerade patienter upplevde obehag som kunde förebyggas genom personcentrerad omvårdnad. Personcentrerad vård uppnåddes när patienten involverades, fick innehållsrik information och gavs tålamod i den icke-verbala kommunikationen.

Abstract [en]

Background: The tracheostomy enables a clear airway for those who need it, both in emergent situations and when needed for a longer time. Although this is a lifeprolonging intervention, tracheostomy is accompanied with risks. Communication has a pivotal role for person centered care, which is one of the nurse’s core competence. Person centered care highlight the patient’s strengths, assets and involves the patient in their care. Aim: Hence the aim of this study was to analyze the patient’s experience of their nursing care around the tracheostomy. Method: A general literature study was conducted in the databases CINAHL, PubMed and Psycinfo. Results: The tracheostomy was perceived as emotionally challenging. The tracheostomy affected the patient’s ability to speak, which was physically and mentally challenging for the patient. The need for comprehensive information and patience from the nurse was important to create a sense of security and calmness in the patients. To involve the patient in their care brought favorable conditions for the person centered care and created trust in the nurse. Conclusions: This study shows that tracheostomized patients experience discomfort that can be prevented by person-centered care, comprehensive information and having patience during the non-verbal communication with the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
Caring, Nursing, Patient experience, Tracheostomy
Keywords [sv]
Omvårdnad, Patientupplevelse, Trakeostomi
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38765DiVA, id: diva2:1279469
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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