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Patienters upplevelse av hopp i palliativ vård: En allmän litteratudstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients’ experience of hope in palliative care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att belysa hur hopp upplevs av patienter i palliativ vård. Bakgrunden uppmärksammar att ca 90 000 patienter i palliativ vård dör i Sverige varje år. Dessa patienter upplever flera dimensioner av smärta, både fysiska och psykiska. Hopp beskrivs som något som kan leda patienter mot mer positiva mål och handlingar och är därför av stor betydelse för deras välmående. Metoden för studien är en allmän litteraturstudie baserad på kvalitativ forskning. Analysen är utförd med en induktiv ansats. Utefter likheter som identifierades fastställdes 17 subkategorier, sex kategorier och två övergripande teman. Resultatet belyser hur hopp uttrycks hos patienter i palliativ vård. Oförändrat hopp, omvandlande hopp, strategiskt hopp, övervinnande hopp ochvardagsnära hopp var kategorier som framkom som hoppingivande. I kontrast till hoppet fanns där också en hopplöshet. Hopplösheten identifieras som ett hinder för hopp vilket ökade passiviteten och känslan av hjälplöshet. Konklusion av studien är att upplevelsen av hopp uttrycks på olika sätt genom vårdförloppet. Det finns flera kategorier som är återkommande i tidigare forskning. De flesta fynden identifieras som hoppingivande och visade sig ge ökad livskvalitet för patienter. Emellertid, så saknas det forskning kring hur patienter ville bli bemötta i sitt hopp.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to highlight how hope is experienced by patients in a palliative care context. The background notes that about 90 000 palliative patients die in Sweden each year. The patients in palliative care experience several dimensions of pain, both physical and psychological. Hope is described as something that can lead patients towards more positive goals and actions and is therefore of great importance for their wellbeing. The method of this study is a general literature study based on qualitative research. The analysis is performed with an inductive approach. Following similarities identified 17 subcategories, six categories and two overall themes that where established. The result illustrates how hope is expressed in palliative care patients. Unchanged hope, transformational hope, strategic hope, overcoming hope and everyday hope were categories that emerged as hopeful. In contrast to the hope there were also a hopelessness. The hopelessness was identified as an obstacle to hope which increased passivity and the feeling of helplessness. The conclusion of this study is that the experience of hope is expressed in different ways through the care process. There are several categories that are recurring in earlier research. Most discoveries are identified as hopeful and proved to increase the quality of life for patients in the palliative care context. However, there is no research about how patients would like to be treated regarding their hope.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
End of life care, Hope, Palliative, Patient Experience Terminally ill
Keywords [sv]
Hopp, palliativ, patientupplevelse, terminalt sjuk, vård i livets slutskede
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38685OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38685DiVA, id: diva2:1275079
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved

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7891011121310 of 24
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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