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Patienter med ätstörningars upplevelser av vården: En allmän litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How patients with eating disorders experience health care : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Ätstörningar har blivit mer välkäntoch är en återkommande sjukdominom vården. En ohälsosam relation till mat finns i alla åldrar och relationen till mat utgör stor del av människors liv. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa hur patienter med ätstörningupplever vården. Metod: Studien är en allmän litteraturstudie där en innehållsanalys använts för att få framresultatet. Resultat: Resultatet består av tre ämnen:relationer, behandling och kunskap. Relationen med vårdpersonalen upplevdes hastorbetydelse för patienternas återhämtning. Inför behandlingen upplevde patienterna ambivalens,därför var det viktigt att patienterna fick vara delaktiga. Vårdpersonalens erfarenheter och kunskap innebar vägledning för patienterna att ändra sittbeteende. Konklusion: Relationer är behandlingensgrund och vårdpersonalen behöver ge ett braförstaintryck hos patienterna eftersom detförsta intrycket tenderaratt hålla sig kvar hos patienterna. Kontinuitet i vårdpersonalskapartrygghet och förtroende. Patienterna belyste vikten av att bli hörda och attindividenbakom ätstörningenuppmärksammades. Deupplevde ambivalens mot behandling då de var rädda att förlorakontrollen över ätstörningen, genom delaktighet upplevde patienterna en personcentrerad vård. Kunskap och erfarenheter hos vårdpersonalen belystes vara en viktig beståndsdel i behandlingen av ätstörningar.

Abstract [en]

Eating disorders are well-known and is a reoccurring concept within health care. An unhealthy relationship towards food is found within all ages, and the relationship to food constitutes a large part of human’s lives. Purpose: The purpose was to shed light on how patients with eating disorders experience health care. Methods: The study is a literature study where a content analysis was used. Results: The results consist of threesubjects: relationships,treatment and knowledge. The relationship to the care personnel was experienced to have a big impact on the patient’s recovery. Before treatment the patients experienced ambivalence, therefore it was important for them to be included in the treatment process. The care personnel’s experiences and knowledge meant guidance for the patients to change their behavior. Conclusions: Relationships are the foundation for thetreatment process and the care personnel should make a good first impression as it stays with the patients. Continuity among the personnel created safety and trust. The patients highlight the importance of being heard and seen as individuals. Patients experienced ambivalence towards treatment as they were afraid to lose control over the eating disorder. Knowledge and experience among the care personnel was an important part of the treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Treatment, knowledge, patient experiences, relationships, eating disorders
Keywords [sv]
Behandling, kunskap, patienters upplevelser, relationer, ätstörningar
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38650OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38650DiVA, id: diva2:1272917
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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