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Sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av vårdande i livets slutskede: En allmän litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing student’s experiences of caring in end-of-life : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Vård i livets slutskede strävar efter att förbättra livskvaliteten hos patienter med livshotande sjukdom och för deras anhöriga. En av sjuksköterskans viktigaste uppgifter är att vårda patienter i livets slutskede samt möta deras anhöriga. Sjuksköterskestudenter är morgondagens sjuksköterskor och därmed bör de besitta kunskap om vårdande i livets slutskede. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av vårdande i livets slutskede. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie utfördes som grundades på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar. Databearbetningen resulterade i fyra kategorier: otillräcklighet vid vårdande i livets slutskede, hantering av svåra situationer vid vårdande i livets slutskede, samverkan vid vårdande i livets slutskede och okunskap om vårdande i livets slutskede. Resultat: Sjuksköterskestudenter blev känslomässigt engagerade i mötet med patienter i livets slutskede och deras anhöriga. De erfor att det fanns olika sätt att hantera de svåra situationerna som uppkom vid vårdande i livets slutskede. Det var också viktigt att skapa relationer med patienter samt inkludera anhöriga i vården. De beskrev dock kommunikationen med patienter och anhöriga som en utmaning. Sjuksköterskestudenter erfor även okunskap och att de inte hade tillräckligt med kompetens om vårdande i livets slutskede. Slutsats: Vårdande i livets slutskede väckte känslor av otillräcklighet, ensamhet och ångest hos sjuksköterskestudenter. Händelserna som uppkom vid vårdande i livet slutskede hanterades genom att vara närvarande eller genom att hålla sig på avstånd under vårdförloppet. Samverkan genom kommunikation med både patienter och anhöriga erfors av sjuksköterskestudenter som betydelsefullt. Dock erfor sjuksköterskestudenter att utbildningen inom vårdande i livets slutskede var otillräcklig. 

Abstract [en]

Background: End-of-life care strives to improve the quality of life for patients with a life-threatening illness and their relatives. One of the nurses’ most important tasks are to provide care for patients at the end of their lives and for their relatives. Nursing students are tomorrows nurses, therefore they need to have knowledge about caring in end-of-life. Purpose: The purpose was to describe nursing student’s experiences of caring in end-of-life. Method: A general literature study based on 11 scientific articles. The data process resulted in four categories: insufficiency about caring in end-of-life, handling difficult situations in end-of-life, cooperation in caring in end-of- life and lack of knowledge about caring in end-of-life. Results: Nursing students became emotionally engaged when they met patients in end-of-life and their relatives. They experienced different ways to cope with the difficult situations that arose when caring in end-of-life. Nursing students also felt that it was important to establish relationships with patients as well as include the relatives in the care, they also described that communication with patients and their relatives could be challenging. However, it was also found that nursing students experienced insufficient skills and knowledge about caring in end-of-life. Conclusion: Caring in end-of-life caused feelings of insufficiency, loneliness and anxiety for the nursing students. Coping strategies included both total involvement in the care, and distancing one’s self from it. Nursing students experienced cooperation with both patients and relatives through communication as meaningful. However, nursing students experienced that the education in end-of-life care are inadequate. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
caring, end-of-life, experiences, nursing students
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, livets slutskede, sjuksköterskestudenter, vårdande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38646OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38646DiVA, id: diva2:1272838
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved

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