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Vad påverkar äldre i deras val om att motta eller avböja influensavaccination?: - En integrativ litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What affects elderly people in their choices to receive or reject influenza vaccination? : - An integrative literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Influensa är en vanligt förekommande sjukdom i hela världen. Äldre över 65 år är en riskgrupp där det föreligger ökad risk för komplikationer, sjuklighet och dödlighet till följd av insjuknande i influensa. Forskning visar att det mest effektiva sättet att skydda sig mot sjukdomen är genom vaccination. Vaccinationstäckningen för influensa bland äldre personer är låg och behöver öka. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka vad som påverkar äldre i deras val om att motta eller avböja influensavaccination. Studien genomfördes som en integrativ litteraturstudie där resultatet baserades på 18 artiklar. Fem kategorier identifierades: uppfattningen om effekt och biverkningar, tillgänglighet och kostnader, kunskap och brist på kunskap, omgivningens påverkan och preventivt hälsobeteende. Litteraturstudien bidrar med förståelse och kunskap om vad som kan påverka äldre i valet om att motta eller avböja influensavaccination som distriktssköterskan sedan kan använda i arbetet för att främja ett ökat vaccinationsupptag. Dock behövs vidare forskning kring vilka insatser äldre upplever att distriktssköterskan kan bidra med för att äldre personer skall kunna ta välgrundade beslut om influensavaccination.

Abstract [en]

Influenza is a common disease throughout the world. Older people over the age of 65 are a risk group in which there is an increased risk of complications, morbidity and mortality as a result of infected influenza. Research shows that the most effective way of protecting against the disease is by vaccination. The vaccination cover for influenza among elderly people is low and needs to increase. The purpose of the literature study was to investigate what affects elderly people in their choices to receive or reject influenza vaccination. The study was conducted as an integrative literature study based on 18 articles. Five categories were identified: perception of effects and side effects, availability and costs of the vaccine, knowledge and lack of knowledge, environmental impact and preventive health behavior. The literature study contributes with understanding and knowledge of what can affect elderly in their choices to receive or reject influenza vaccination that the district nurse can use in the work to promote an increased vaccination intake. However, research is needed on what efforts elderly people believe that the district nurse can contribute with to making informed decisions about influenza vaccination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
District nurse, elderly, Health Promotion Model, influenza, vaccination
Keywords [sv]
Distriktssköterska, Health Promotion Model, influensa, vaccination, äldre
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38499DiVA, id: diva2:1268429
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, 75 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-06 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved

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5678910118 of 54
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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