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Managing collaborative ideation: The role of formal and informal appropriability mechanisms
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Department of Business Administration, Santa Catarina State University, Florianópolis, Brazil & Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1390-1820
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 97-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Collaborative ideation is a key practice for innovation. Implementing suitable appropriability mechanisms during this collaborative ideation is a necessary yet difficult task. This difficulty owes to a high level of uncertainty and low level of codification because partners work on loosely defined concepts that may change during the collaboration. Firms can employ several appropriability mechanisms to protect their knowledge. Examples include patents, copyright, legal agreements, document management, lead time, secrecy and complexity. However, the best time to apply each mechanism remains unclear, and few empirical studies have explored this issue. This study is based on exploratory case studies of three manufacturing firms. The goal is to identify which appropriability mechanisms are pertinent at each phase of collaborative ideation and how they influence the effectiveness of protection. The results of the analysis lead to the development of a model describing the managerial practices that influence the effectiveness of protection. The results also lead to a set of research propositions to define when each appropriability mechanism is most likely to be used. Overall, this research contributes to the discussion of how to integrate formal and informal appropriability mechanisms for safe collaborative ideation. © 2018, The Author(s).

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York, NY: Springer-Verlag New York, 2018. Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 97-118
Nyckelord [en]
open innovation, collaborative ideation, collaboration phases, appropriability mechanisms, intellectual property
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan teknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38168DOI: 10.1007/s11365-018-0544-1ISI: 000462293400006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055875020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38168DiVA, id: diva2:1256407
Anmärkning

Funding: Capes Foundation within the Ministry of Education, Brazil (grant n. BEX 001018/2014-00).

Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-16 Skapad: 2018-10-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Managing the Collaborative Front End of Innovation in Manufacturing Firms: Requirements, Capabilities, and Conditions
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Managing the Collaborative Front End of Innovation in Manufacturing Firms: Requirements, Capabilities, and Conditions
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The front end is a phase of the innovation process that starts with a new product idea and completes when firms have developed a new product definition. This phase is critical for many manufacturing firms. Front-end outcomes is indeed critical to overall product success, market penetration, time to-market, and financial performance. During this phase, new products are born as ideas, and subsequently move through screening, project definition, and business analysis. However, this phase remains poorly understood in the era of more open innovation (e.g., interfirm collaboration). Although the literature on front end of innovation is well developed, prior studies have largely focused on bilateral agreements and have overlooked conditions for collaboration with science-based partners (universities and research institutes). This is especially true for manufacturing firms, for which a continuous stream of new product ideas is a key source of competitiveness. To make things worse, the front end of innovation conducted with external actors involved is often characterized by incongruent practices by partners, different magnitudes of fuzziness, and considerable risks in revealing new ideas. Developing new product definitions with different partners is thus a risky endeavor if mishandled that may seriously compromise competitive advantages of firms. Therefore, greater knowledge is required to facilitate the collaborative front end with different types of partners. Against this background, the purpose of this dissertation is to understand how to manage the collaborative front end in manufacturing firms, with a particular focus on requirements, capabilities, and conditions.

To fulfill this research purpose, data on manufacturing firms were collected through four case studies and one survey. In total, this dissertation is based on empirical data from 81 interviews with R&D members across 10 medium-sized and large manufacturing firms, as well as a survey of 146 small and medium-sized manufacturing firms. Respondents were based in Brazil or Sweden. The key theories and literature covered include coordination modes, control mechanisms, organizational routines, the resource-based view, and appropriability mechanisms.

This dissertation makes several contributions. First, it extends the front-end literature by presenting the concepts of systematic idea generation and fuzziness assessment as a prerequisite for improving front-end performance. Second, this dissertation lists collaboration conditions that help firms cooperate better with science-based partners. By collaborating with science-based partners, firms  can access codified and tacit scientific knowledge, enabling them to rapidly build on the latest research insights. The findings suggest particular practices that can be applied to reduce cultural differences and diminish goal divergence among project members. Third, this dissertation describes a set of detailed practices to streamline the involvement of different types of partners using diverse appropriability mechanisms. Ultimately, a theoretical framework is developed to describe how to manage the collaborative front end of innovation. The theoretical framework explains how manufacturing firms can use their organizational capabilities to efficiently and safely develop new product ideas. In particular, the framework identifies the necessary capabilities to explore mechanisms, practices, and routines in terms of divergent thinking, external expertise, and multiple opinions. Altogether, these contributions will assist firms to better manage collaborative front end.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018. s. 250
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544
Nyckelord
front end of innovation, collaboration
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38383 (URN)978-91-7790-152-5 (ISBN)978-91-7790-153-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-06-19, A109, Universitetsområdet, Luleå, 09:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-08 Skapad: 2018-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Gama, Fábio

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