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Design for an Art Therapy Robot: An Explorative Review of the Theoretical Foundations for Engaging in Emotional and Creative Painting with a Robot
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4998-1685
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
2018 (English)In: Multimodal Technologies Interact. Special Issue Emotions in Robots: Embodied Interaction in Social and Non-Social Environments, ISSN 2414-4088, Vol. 2, no 3, article id 52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Social robots are being designed to help support people’s well-being in domestic and public environments. To address increasing incidences of psychological and emotional difficulties such as loneliness, and a shortage of human healthcare workers, we believe that robots will also play a useful role in engaging with people in therapy, on an emotional and creative level, e.g., in music, drama, playing, and art therapy. Here, we focus on the latter case, on an autonomous robot capable of painting with a person. A challenge is that the theoretical foundations are highly complex; we are only just beginning ourselves to understand emotions and creativity in human science, which have been described as highly important challenges in artificial intelligence. To gain insight, we review some of the literature on robots used for therapy and art, potential strategies for interacting, and mechanisms for expressing emotions and creativity. In doing so, we also suggest the usefulness of the responsive art approach as a starting point for art therapy robots, describe a perceived gap between our understanding of emotions in human science and what is currently typically being addressed in engineering studies, and identify some potential ethical pitfalls and solutions for avoiding them. Based on our arguments, we propose a design for an art therapy robot, also discussing a simplified prototype implementation, toward informing future work in the area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2018. Vol. 2, no 3, article id 52
Keywords [en]
social robots, art therapy, emotions, creativity, art robots, therapy robots
National Category
Robotics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37884DOI: 10.3390/mti2030052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-37884DiVA, id: diva2:1244947
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, SIDUS AIR 20140220Available from: 2018-09-03 Created: 2018-09-03 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved

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Cooney, MartinMenezes, Maria Luiza Recena

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  • apa
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