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Att designa bort det oönskade: Exkluderande design i Göteborg och Västsverige
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Designing away the unwanted : Unpleasant design in Gothenburg and western Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte är att undersöka olika former av exkluderande design i offentliga och semi-offentliga rum, samt vilka konsekvenser en sådan design kan ha på olika samhällsgrupper. Studiens resultat är baserade på fokuserade observationer av den fysiska designen, främst i Göteborg, i triangulering med innehållsanalys av översikts- och detaljplaner.

Studiens resultat visar att en mångfald av designmodeller användes i de observerade offentliga och semi-offentliga rummen, varav en del av dessa designer kan ses som exkluderande. Majoriteten av observerade sittplatser finns hos privata aktörer som caféer och uteserveringar, vilket signalerar ett behov av att vara konsument för att få ta del av dessa semi-offentliga platser. Semi-offentliga platser som var stängda nattetid samt hinder mot skateboardåkning var andra observerade designer som riktar in sig på särskilda samhällsgrupper eller beteenden. Fyra grupper anses vara speciellt påverkade av exkluderande design: hemlösa, funktionsnedsatta, resurssvaga, samt skateboardåkare. I kontrast till tidigare forskning anser vi att flera av de observerade designerna kan anses vara inkluderande istället för att enbart ses som exkluderande.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore different forms of unpleasant design in public and semi-public spaces and what potential consequences such design may have on different social groups. The results are based on focused observations of the physical designs themselves, primarily in Gothenburg, Sweden, in triangulation with text analysis of official documentations of land use and zoning plans.

The findings indicate that a variety of designs were used throughout the observed public and semi-public spaces, some of which can be seen as unpleasant. Most of the observed seating options were located within privatised businesses, signalling the need to be a consumer to use these semi-public spaces. Semi-public spaces that are inaccessible during the night as well as anti-skate obstacles were other observed designs that targeted a certain group or behaviour. Four social groups were found to be more of a target or sufferer of the designs: the homeless, people with disabilities, the destitute, and skateboarders. In contradiction to previous research a substantial amount of the observed designs can be perceived as inclusive rather than only exclusionary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 74
Keywords [en]
Unpleasant design, hostile architecture, defensive design, marginalisation, public space, critical urban theory, Sweden, Gothenburg
Keywords [sv]
Exkluderande design, marginalisering, offentliga rum, kritisk urbanteori, Sverige, Göteborg
National Category
Human Geography Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37658OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-37658DiVA, id: diva2:1234263
Educational program
Subject Teacher Education for Secondary School
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-27 Created: 2018-07-23 Last updated: 2018-07-27Bibliographically approved

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Att designa bort det oönskade - Exkluderande design i Göteborg och Västsverige(14337 kB)149 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Output format
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