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(Investigating) MNCs' CSR-related behaviour and impacts in institutionally and culturally distant markets: African developing-countries in focus
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this thesis is to explore why and how institutional distance and contextual differences influence MNCs’ CSR-related behavior in African developing-countries. In order to achieve the purpose stated above, the thesis seeks to answer the overarching research question: How do institutional distance and contextual differences influence MNCs’ CSR-related behavior in African developing countries? To answer the research question this thesis employed an interpretive methodological approach in order to increase my understanding of the CSR phenomenon in a specific contextual environment characterized by different institutional distance through different theoretical and empirical perspectives (Guba and Lincoln, 1994; Lincoln and Guba, 2000). The thesis consists of two qualitative case studies, a systematic literature review, a conceptual paper focused on analyzing distance and MNC foreign subsidiaries’ CSR-related behaviour, and a longitudinal content analysis of annual CSR reports.

The thesis found that the most prevalent CSR themes addressed in journal articles focused on developing-countries have been social issues, followed by environmental issues as a distant second, with ethics-related issues receiving the least attention. The findings further indicate that CSR rhetoric plays a more positive and significant role than so far explored in CSR research, as it incentivises the host-communities to push for the fulfilment of their CSR expectations or CSR initiatives proposed by the mining companies. Soft’ regulations to which members of industry associations voluntarily adhere mitigate the absence of enforcement of more stringent hard regulations by the state for companies. In doing business in distant or different institutional contexts, institutional duality of MNC subsidiaries renders business activities complex and even conflicting when it comes to seeking internal and external legitimacy. This finding and the proposed model extend Hillman and Wan’s (2005) argument of the existence of ‘institutional duality’ of MNC subsidiaries. The 60-item disclosure index is in itself a contribution to research as it provides a measure of ‘disclosure quality’ in relation to the disclosures of CSR-related performance information and CSR-related governance information.

The main theoretical contribution of the thesis is that CSR expectations in developing-countries are distinct and may be more important to know how these empirical realities are taken into account when firms with their origin in developed-countries internationalize and enter markets in developing-countries. Second, an extended model is proposed which illustrates the roles of organizational fields, institutional pressures, legitimating environments, and legitimating strategies for MNC subsidiaries’ voluntary disclosure of CSR performance information. The overall contribution of the thesis is that it deepens our understanding of the CSR phenomenon, and of the role of host-communities and MNC subsidiaries’ managers from the context of developing-countries.

© Gideon Jojo Amos

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2018. , s. 85
Serie
Halmstad University Dissertations ; 47
Nyckelord [en]
multinational enterprises (MNEs), corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate social responsibility reporting (CSRR), African developing-countries, legitimacy, stakeholders, institutional theories, organizational learning
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36935ISBN: 978-91-87045-98-1 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36935DiVA, id: diva2:1214863
Disputation
2018-06-07, O104, Kristian IV:s väg, Halmstad, 10:10 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-21 Skapad: 2018-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Researching corporate social responsibility in developing-countries context: A systematic review of the literature
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Researching corporate social responsibility in developing-countries context: A systematic review of the literature
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Law and Management, ISSN 1754-243X, E-ISSN 1754-2448, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 284-310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This paper aims to present a systematic review of scholarly articles focused on corporate social responsibility (CSR) in developing countries and published during the period 2004 to 2014 in international journals.

Design/methodology/approach: This paper applied a bibliometric analysis to 101 articles on CSR research focused on developing countries.

Findings: The study confirms that the most prevalent CSR themes addressed in journals have been social issues, followed by environmental issues in a distant second, with ethics-related issues receiving the least attention. Also, as CSR research in developing countries constitutes an emerging stream of literature, an overwhelming dominance of empirical (qualitative) papers aimed at exploring and/or seeking interpretations to CSR motivations have been confirmed.

Research limitations/implications: An important limitation of this study is in relation to the methods applied. In the first place, this review is based on two electronic databases: ABI/INFORM Global (ProQuest) and Web of Science Core Collection: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) and Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED). This means that research published in international journals that are not included in either of these databases will be omitted.

Practical implications: This review provides useful guidance for future CSR research focused on developing countries thereby providing a foundation for future research in this stream of CSR research.

Social implications: The findings of this study suggest that much CSR knowledge in developing countries reflects the unique social issues that call for companies to adopt different CSR interventions when operating in developing countries.

Originality/value: Although this paper is not the first to systematically review CSR research, but it is one of the initial attempts, to the best of the knowledge, to systematically review the state of CSR knowledge in the context of developing countries.

© 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Nyckelord
Ethics, Corporate social responsibility, Environmental, Social, Developing countries
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36931 (URN)10.1108/IJLMA-04-2017-0093 (DOI)2-s2.0-85047663328 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-07 Skapad: 2018-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Multinational Enterprises and Distance: Exploring Opportunities and Challenges involved in Practicing CSR in Host-Countries
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Multinational Enterprises and Distance: Exploring Opportunities and Challenges involved in Practicing CSR in Host-Countries
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Developing Country Studies, ISSN 2224-607X, E-ISSN 2225-0565, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 80-97Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores how multinational enterprises (MNEs) should implement corporate social responsibility (CSR) to build external legitimacy, especially in subsidiaries operating in host-countries, where the effects of distance is felt most by MNE foreign subsidiaries. For long, international business (IB) research has analysed the effects of distance on MNEs’ expansion to host-countries, while a parallel strand of work in economic geography investigates the dimensions of proximity and how they influence firms’ knowledge development, especially in the varying host-countries they operate. Despite the noticeable relatedness and complementarities, these two bodies of literature have so far poorly interacted. Moreover, despite increased strategic motivation for corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices, we still lack understanding of the effects of distance on MNEs’ CSR behaviour in host-countries. The present study addresses this limitation by analysing and integrating the extant literature on how MNEs can, through their CSR behaviour in host-countries, cope with and mitigate the effects of distance. It provides perspectives on what may constitute appropriate CSR strategies in varying host-countries’ institutional environments (i.e., what CSR strategies might be appropriate for MNEs to adopt in a more proximate/less distant and less proximate/more distant institutional contexts and their implications for the effects of distance). Based on an analysis of the extant literature, the present study discusses patterns of complementarities across distance and proximity, and draws attention to avenues for future research that, in a more effective way, interact the two strands of literature, thereby setting the ground for empirical testing of a conceptual framework proposed by this study.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York, NY: International Institute for Science, Technology & Education, 2017
Nyckelord
Multinational enterprise, distance; proximity, corporate social responsibility
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33822 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-09 Skapad: 2017-05-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Corporate social responsibility in the mining industry: an exploration of host-communities' perceptions and expectations in a developing-country
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Corporate social responsibility in the mining industry: an exploration of host-communities' perceptions and expectations in a developing-country
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 1177-1195Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore how and what drives corporate social responsibility (CSR) in host communities of mining companies in developing countries.

Design/methodology/approach

To address this knowledge gap, this paper used Ghana as a test case and conducted 24 in-depth interviews with participants drawn from mining host communities.

Findings

The paper discovered that while CSR is broadly understood and encompasses six thematic categories in the mining host communities, there are emphases on philanthropic and environmental responsibilities. Contrary to the evidence found in other studies, this paper discovered that CSR rhetoric plays a more positive/significant role than so far explored in CSR research, as it incentivizes the host communities to push for the fulfilment of their CSR expectations and/or CSR initiatives proposed by mining companies.

Research limitations/implications

Quantitative studies are needed to strengthen the findings from the present paper.

Practical implications

Because developing countries share similar socio-economic and geo-political realities, the findings of this paper may be applicable not only for CSR advocates, but also for policy-makers in developing countries.

Originality/value

The paper provides new inputs from a developing country perspective to the current debate about the CSR performance of the extractive industry. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Nyckelord
Ghana, Corporate social responsibility (CSR), Multinational enterprises, Host-communities, Multinational mining companies
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36933 (URN)10.1108/CG-01-2018-0006 (DOI)000447968800009 ()2-s2.0-85049514963 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-07 Skapad: 2018-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-11-26Bibliografiskt granskad
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