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Cooperative awareness in VANETs: On ETSI EN 302 637-2 performance
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1460-2988
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4894-4134
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6526-3931
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.
2018 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, ISSN 0018-9545, E-ISSN 1939-9359, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 17-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cooperative Awareness on the road is aiming to support the road users with knowledge about the surroundings relying on the information exchange enabled by vehicular com- munications. To achieve this goal European Telecommunication Standard Institute (ETSI) delivered the standard EN 302 637-2 for Cooperative Awareness Messages (CAM). The CAM trig- gering conditions are based on the dynamics of the originating vehicle, which is checked periodically. In this paper, we show that standardized ETSI protocol may demonstrate a decrease in communication performance under several realistic mobility patterns. The potential influence of the discovered phenomena on two typical mobility scenarios is studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2018. Vol. 67, no 1, p. 17-28
Keywords [en]
VANET, Cooperative Awareness, Platooning, ETSI, ITS-G5
National Category
Communication Systems Telecommunications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35466DOI: 10.1109/TVT.2017.2754584Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85035747459OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-35466DiVA, id: diva2:1159874
Projects
ELLIITACDC: Autonomous Cooperative Driving: Communications Issues
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Partially supported by the Excellence Center at Linköping-Lund in Information Technology (ELLIIT) strategic research environment, NFITS - National ITS Postgraduate School (Sweden) and the ”ACDC: Autonomous Cooperative Driving: Communications Issues” project (2014- 2016) funded by the Knowledge Foundation (Sweden) in cooperation with Volvo GTT, Volvo Cars, Scania, Kapsch TrafficCom and Qamcom Research & Technology.

Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Performance evaluation of safety critical ITS-G5 V2V communications for cooperative driving applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performance evaluation of safety critical ITS-G5 V2V communications for cooperative driving applications
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are aiming to provide innovative services related to different modes of transport and traffic management, and enable various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated and smarter use of transport networks. Cooperative-ITS (C-ITS) support connectivity between vehicles, vehicles and roadside infrastructure, traffic signals as well as with other road users. In order to enable vehicular communications European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI) delivered ITS-G5 -- a of set of C-ITS standards. Considering the goals of C-ITS, inter-vehicle communications should be reliable and efficient.

The subject of this thesis is evaluation of the performance, efficiency, and dependability of ITS-G5 communications for cooperative driving applications support. This thesis includes eight scientific papers and extends the research area in three directions: evaluation of the performance of ITS-G5 beaconing protocols; studying the performance of ITS-G5 congestion control mechanisms; and studying the radio jamming Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks and their detection methods.

First, an overview of currently available and ongoing standardization targeting communications in C-ACC/platooning cooperative driving applications is provided. Then, as part of the first research direction, we demonstrate via a number of studies, that the adaptive beaconing approach where message generation is coupled to the speed variation of the originating ITS-s may lead to a message synchronization effect in the time domain when vehicles follow mobility scenarios that involve cooperative speed variation. We explain in detail the cause of this phenomenon and test it for a wide range of parameters. In relation to the second problem, we, first, study the influence of different available ITS-G5 legitimate setups on the C-ACC/platooning fuel efficiency and demonstrate that proper communication setup may enhance fuel savings. Then we thoroughly study the standardization of the congestion control mechanism for ITS-G5, which will affect the operation of all cooperative driving C-ITS applications as a mandatory component. We study the influence of congestion control on application performance and give recommendations for improvement to make the congestion control to target at optimizing the applications performance metrics. In the scope of the last research direction, we propose two real-time jamming DoS detection methods. The main advantage of our detection techniques is their short learning phase that not exceed a few seconds and low detection delay of a few hundreds of milliseconds. Under some assumptions, the proposed algorithms demonstrates the ability to detect certain types of attacks with high detection probability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2019. p. 186
Series
Halmstad University Dissertations ; 53
Keywords
C-ITS, VANET, ITS-G5, IEEE 802.11p, ETSI, platooning, C-ACC, jamming Denial-of-Service attack, congestion control, cooperative awareness, security in C-ITS
National Category
Communication Systems Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38763 (URN)978-91-88749-15-4 (ISBN)978-91-88749-14-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-01-30, Wigforssalen, Visionen, Kristian IV:s väg 3, Halmstad, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Lyamin, NikitaVinel, AlexeyJonsson, Magnus

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