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Socioeconomic inequalities in health among Swedish adolescents - adding the subjective perspective
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och omvårdnad.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0969-1288
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och omvårdnad.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4438-6673
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, artikel-id 838Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health predict future inequalities in adult health. Subjective measures of socioeconomic status (SES) may contribute with an increased understanding of these inequalities. The aim of this study was to investigate socioeconomic health inequalities using both a subjective and an objective measure of SES among Swedish adolescents.

Method

Cross-sectional HBSC-data from 2002 to 2014 was used with a total sample of 23,088 adolescents aged 11–15 years. Three measures of self-rated health (dependent variables) were assessed: multiple health complaints, life satisfaction and health perception. SES was measured objectively by the Family Affluence Scale (FAS) and subjectively by “perceived family wealth” (independent variables). The trend for health inequalities was investigated descriptively with independent t-tests and the relationship between independent and dependent variables was investigated with multiple logistic regression analysis. Gender, age and survey year was considered as possible confounders.

Results

Subjective SES was more strongly related to health outcomes than the objective measure (FAS). Also, the relation between FAS and health was weakened and even reversed (for multiple health complaints) when subjective SES was tested simultaneously in regression models (FAS OR: 1.03, CI: 1.00;1.06 and subjective SES OR: 0.66, CI: 0.63;0.68).

Conclusions

The level of socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health varied depending on which measure that was used to define SES. When focusing on adolescents, the subjective appraisals of SES is important to consider because they seem to provide a stronger tool for identifying inequalities in health for this group. This finding is important for policy makers to consider given the persistence of health inequalities in Sweden and other high-income countries. ©  The Author(s). 2017

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London: BioMed Central, 2017. Vol. 17, artikel-id 838
Nyckelord [en]
Socioeconomic inequality, Self-rated health, Socioeconomic status, Adolescence, HBSC
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34983DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4863-xISI: 000413475600007PubMedID: 29061173Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85032185321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-34983DiVA, id: diva2:1141693
Anmärkning

Funding: Ljungbergska Foundation, Länsförsäkringar Halland, the municipality of Halmstad and Halmstad University

Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-15 Skapad: 2017-09-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-29Bibliografiskt granskad

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Ahlborg, MikaelSvedberg, PetraNyholm, MariaNygren, Jens M.

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Ahlborg, MikaelSvedberg, PetraNyholm, MariaNygren, Jens M.
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Hälsa och omvårdnadCentrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI)
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Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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