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Prevalence and socioeconomic characteristics of alcohol disorders among men and women in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3833-851X
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4773-1447
Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. e143-e153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There is growing concern about alcohol problems in low- and middle-income countries. More research is required, particularly among the younger generation. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of alcohol disorders and associated socioeconomic characteristics among young men and women living in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. This was a cross-sectional population-based study of 977 participants (52% male and 48% female) aged 18–40, the majority of whom lived in low-income areas. Data collection was carried out in 2012 by trained fieldworkers. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (DSM-IV) was used to investigate the prevalence of alcohol dependence (increased tolerance to alcohol, failed attempt to cut down, risk of physical and mental effects) and alcohol abuse (harmful use, consistent intoxication, risk behaviour, physically hazardous, social problems). A high 12-month prevalence of alcohol dependence was found (26.5% in total; 39.0% among men and 19.1% among women) as well as of alcohol abuse (9% in total; 19.0% among men and 6.0% among women). Few socioeconomic differences emerged among the men, except older men (OR 1.94, CI 1.11–3.42) and those supported by social grants (OR 2.28, CI 1.06–4.93), who presented higher odd ratios for alcohol dependence than the reference groups. Among the women, more differences emerged: women who were widowed/single (OR 2.35, CI 1.20–4.62), had no education (OR 3.41, CI 1.04–11.21), had a low income (OR 3.26, CI 1.55–6.80) and had no social support from friends when ill presented higher odd ratios (OR 1.73, CI 1.07–2.80). In the adjusted model, marital status and low income remained statistically significant. With regard to alcohol abuse, fewer socioeconomic differences emerged. Interventions need to address the early onset of alcohol misuse in order to meet both current needs and long-standing mental and physical illness. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2018. Vol. 26, nr 1, s. e143-e153
Nyckelord [en]
alcohol abuse, community mental health, nursing, poverty and health, social work and health, young people
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34875DOI: 10.1111/hsc.12487ISI: 000418264900015PubMedID: 28868804Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85038369491OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-34875DiVA, id: diva2:1138329
Projekt
Barriers to health care and the right to health for persons with mental illness in SA: How can access and right to health be improved?
Forskningsfinansiär
Sida - Styrelsen för internationellt utvecklingssamarbete, SWE-2010-226Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-04 Skapad: 2017-09-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Andersson, LenaNyman, Carin

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Health & Social Care in the Community
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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