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Longitudinal associations between athletes’ controlled motivation, ill-being, and perceptions of controlling coach behaviors: A Bayesian latent growth curve approach
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8987-5975
School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, Australia.
Department of Psychology & Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2066-6235
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 30, s. 205-214Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Although many scholars have argued that leadership is a dynamic process jointly produced by leaders and followers, leadership in sports is most often researched as a unidirectional process from coaches to athletes. Within self-determination theory (SDT), individual characteristics are suggested to influence how people perceive external events such as coaches' behaviors. In the present study, we examined this jointly produced leadership process by investigating longitudinal associations between athletes' controlled motivation, ill-being, and perceptions of coaches' controlling behaviors at the between- and within-person levels. The participants were 247 young elite skiers enrolled at Swedish sport high schools who responded to self-report questionnaires at three time points over the course of an athletic season. At the between-person level, increases in perceptions of coaches' controlling behaviors over the season positively predicted controlled motivation at the end of the season, and controlled motivation at the beginning of the season positively predicted ill-being at the end of the season. At the within-person level, athletes' controlled motivation positively predicted perceptions of coaches’ controlling behaviors. The results at the between-person level support the unidirectional perspective and the tenets of SDT. The results at the within-person level suggest that individual characteristics such as motivation can influence how athletes perceive external events, which has been proposed theoretically but seldom examined empirically. Three plausible explanations for this reversed association are presented in the discussion.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 30, s. 205-214
Emneord [en]
Bayesian estimation, Depression/anxiety, Growth models, Interpersonal control, Leadership, Sports
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33548DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.03.002ISI: 000400038900023Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85015661965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33548DiVA, id: diva2:1081349
Merknad

Andreas Stenling was supported by grants from Umeå School of Sport Sciences and the Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports (CIF), grant numbers P2014-0043 and P2015-0114.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-03-13 Laget: 2017-03-13 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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