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The effects of a 6-month exercise intervention programme on physical self-perceptions and social physique anxiety in non-physically active adolescent Swedish girls
Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8345-8994
2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 643-658Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives:

To examine the effects of a 6-month exercise intervention programme (EIP) on physical self-perceptions (PSP) and social physique anxiety (SPA) of non-physically active adolescent Swedish girls.

Methods:

A true experimental design with randomization into an intervention or control group was used. The empowerment based EIP, offered to the intervention group twice a week for 6 months, consisted of 45-min exercise sessions followed by 15 min of discussions regarding a healthy lifestyle. A variety of exercise activities, chosen by the participants themselves, were used. Twenty-seven participants in the intervention group and 35 in the control group completed the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) and the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) at pre- and posttest and, in addition, physical fitness, weight and height were measured.

Results and conclusions:

The intent to treat analysis showed no significant improvements in PSPP subdomains, but lower SPAS scores for the intervention group, compared to the control group. However, when using a less conservative analysis, including only those who completed assessments both pre- and post-intervention, the intervention significantly reduced both PSPP subdomain and SPAS scores. The changes in PSPP and SPAS scores were not linked to changes in physiological variables. The results are put in the context of previous longitudinal and review studies, theoretical frameworks and models. The direction of effects, possible mechanisms and limitations of the study are discussed along with practical applications linked to exercise and modern diseases.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2005. Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 643-658
Nyckelord [en]
Exercise, Intervention, Physical self-perceptions, Social-physique anxiety
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-363DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2005.03.003ISI: 000233843800003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-27944485654Lokalt ID: 2082/682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-363DiVA, id: diva2:237542
Tillgänglig från: 2007-01-04 Skapad: 2007-01-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Exercising the self: on the role of exercise, gender and culture in physical self-perceptions
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Exercising the self: on the role of exercise, gender and culture in physical self-perceptions
2004 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In modern society, individuals constantly pass judgments on their own body and physical competence as well as that of other people. All too often, the verdict is less favourable. For the person, these physical self-perceptions (PSP) may negatively affect global self-esteem, identity, and general mental well being. The overall aim of this thesis is to examine primarily the role that exercise, but also the roles that gender and culture, play in the formation of PSP. In Study I, using confirmatory factor analyses, strong support for the validity of a first-order, and a second-order hierarchical and multidimensional model of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP: Fox & Corbin, 1989) was found across three national samples (Great Britain, Sweden and Turkey) of university students. Cross-cultural differences were detected, with the British sample demonstrating higher latent means on all PSPP subdomains except for the physical condition subdomain (Condition), than the Swedish and Turkish samples. In Study II, a higher self-reported exercise frequency was associated with more positive PSP (in particular for Condition) and more importance attributed to PSP in Swedish university students. Males demonstrated higher overall PSPP-scores than females. In Study III, a true-experimental design with randomisation into an intervention and a control group was adopted. Strong support for the effects of an empowerment-based exercise intervention programme on PSP and social physique anxiety (SPA) over six months for adolescent girls was found. The relations of exercise, gender and culture with PSP, SPA and self-esteem are discussed from the standpoints of a variety of theoretical models (the EXSEM-model), and frameworks (self-presentation and objectification theory). The two theories of self-enhancement and skill-development are examined with regard to the direction of the exercise-physical self relationship and motivation for exercise. Arguments for the relevance of exercise and PSP for practitioners in promoting general mental well-being and preventing modern-day diseases are outlined.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Stockholm University, Departement of Psychology, 2004. s. 136
Nyckelord
Physical self-perceptions, exercise, gender, culture, social physique anxiety, self-presentation
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-605 (URN)2082/947 (Lokalt ID)91-7265-871-1 (ISBN)2082/947 (Arkivnummer)2082/947 (OAI)
Disputation
(Engelska)
Tillgänglig från: 2007-04-11 Skapad: 2007-04-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lindwall, MagnusLindgren, Eva-Carin

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