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A Broad View on Robot Self-Defense: Rapid Scoping Review and Cultural Comparison
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi. teraction Science Laboratories (ISL), Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International (ATR), Kyoto, Japa.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4998-1685
teraction Science Laboratories (ISL), Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International (ATR), Kyoto, Japa.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4338-801X
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5100-6435
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi. stitute of Applied Informatics and Formal Description Methods (AIFB), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4894-4134
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Robotics, E-ISSN 2218-6581, Vol. 12, nr 2, artikel-id 43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

With power comes responsibility: as robots become more advanced and prevalent, the role they will play in human society becomes increasingly important. Given that violence is an important problem, the question emerges if robots could defend people, even if doing so might cause harm to someone. The current study explores the broad context of how people perceive the acceptability of such robot self-defense (RSD) in terms of (1) theory, via a rapid scoping review, and (2) public opinion in two countries. As a result, we summarize and discuss: increasing usage of robots capable of wielding force by law enforcement and military, negativity toward robots, ethics and legal questions (including differences to the well-known trolley problem), control in the presence of potential failures, and practical capabilities that such robots might require. Furthermore, a survey was conducted, indicating that participants accepted the idea of RSD, with some cultural differences. We believe that, while substantial obstacles will need to be overcome to realize RSD, society stands to gain from exploring its possibilities over the longer term, toward supporting human well-being in difficult times. © 2023 by the authors.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Basel, 2023. Vol. 12, nr 2, artikel-id 43
Nyckelord [en]
dark side of human–robot interaction (HRI), robot crime, robot ethics, robot self-defense, robot violence, technological acceptance
Nationell ämneskategori
Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-51234DOI: 10.3390/robotics12020043ISI: 000983119800001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85153767580OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-51234DiVA, id: diva2:1781097
Tillgänglig från: 2023-07-07 Skapad: 2023-07-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-07-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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Cooney, MartinKochenborger Duarte, EduardoVinel, Alexey

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Cooney, MartinShiomi, MasahiroKochenborger Duarte, EduardoVinel, Alexey
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