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Managing interorganizational technology development: Project management practices for market‐ and science‐based partnerships
Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1390-1820
Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5464-2007
Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 115-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Firms are increasingly relying on collaborating with external partners to drive technology development. Many firms struggle with managing the inherently uncertain and ambiguous technology development process, especially with external actors involved, because they may not have or share the same project management practices concerning coordination and control activities. To address this gap, this study examines appropriate project management practices for market-based and science‐based partnerships in three large technology‐intensive firms. Our results suggest that interorganizational technology development is problematic because firms lack sufficient partner understanding and struggle with aligning their project management practices with those of their partners. To address these problems, we identify project management practices of coordination and control to fit the contingencies of each type of partner collaboration. Our results provide implications for theory and managerial practices related to managing interorganizational technology development. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2017. Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 115-127
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan teknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38166DOI: 10.1111/caim.12207ISI: 000404288900002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85019114880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38166DiVA, id: diva2:1256405
Konferens
16th International CINET Conference16th International CINET Conference, Pursuing Innovation Leadership, 13-15 September, 2015, Stockholm, SWEDEN
Forskningsfinansiär
Ragnar Söderbergs stiftelse
Anmärkning

Funding Agency: Brazilian government 

Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-16 Skapad: 2018-10-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Managing the Collaborative Front End of Innovation in Manufacturing Firms: Requirements, Capabilities, and Conditions
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Managing the Collaborative Front End of Innovation in Manufacturing Firms: Requirements, Capabilities, and Conditions
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The front end is a phase of the innovation process that starts with a new product idea and completes when firms have developed a new product definition. This phase is critical for many manufacturing firms. Front-end outcomes is indeed critical to overall product success, market penetration, time to-market, and financial performance. During this phase, new products are born as ideas, and subsequently move through screening, project definition, and business analysis. However, this phase remains poorly understood in the era of more open innovation (e.g., interfirm collaboration). Although the literature on front end of innovation is well developed, prior studies have largely focused on bilateral agreements and have overlooked conditions for collaboration with science-based partners (universities and research institutes). This is especially true for manufacturing firms, for which a continuous stream of new product ideas is a key source of competitiveness. To make things worse, the front end of innovation conducted with external actors involved is often characterized by incongruent practices by partners, different magnitudes of fuzziness, and considerable risks in revealing new ideas. Developing new product definitions with different partners is thus a risky endeavor if mishandled that may seriously compromise competitive advantages of firms. Therefore, greater knowledge is required to facilitate the collaborative front end with different types of partners. Against this background, the purpose of this dissertation is to understand how to manage the collaborative front end in manufacturing firms, with a particular focus on requirements, capabilities, and conditions.

To fulfill this research purpose, data on manufacturing firms were collected through four case studies and one survey. In total, this dissertation is based on empirical data from 81 interviews with R&D members across 10 medium-sized and large manufacturing firms, as well as a survey of 146 small and medium-sized manufacturing firms. Respondents were based in Brazil or Sweden. The key theories and literature covered include coordination modes, control mechanisms, organizational routines, the resource-based view, and appropriability mechanisms.

This dissertation makes several contributions. First, it extends the front-end literature by presenting the concepts of systematic idea generation and fuzziness assessment as a prerequisite for improving front-end performance. Second, this dissertation lists collaboration conditions that help firms cooperate better with science-based partners. By collaborating with science-based partners, firms  can access codified and tacit scientific knowledge, enabling them to rapidly build on the latest research insights. The findings suggest particular practices that can be applied to reduce cultural differences and diminish goal divergence among project members. Third, this dissertation describes a set of detailed practices to streamline the involvement of different types of partners using diverse appropriability mechanisms. Ultimately, a theoretical framework is developed to describe how to manage the collaborative front end of innovation. The theoretical framework explains how manufacturing firms can use their organizational capabilities to efficiently and safely develop new product ideas. In particular, the framework identifies the necessary capabilities to explore mechanisms, practices, and routines in terms of divergent thinking, external expertise, and multiple opinions. Altogether, these contributions will assist firms to better manage collaborative front end.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018. s. 250
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544
Nyckelord
front end of innovation, collaboration
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38383 (URN)978-91-7790-152-5 (ISBN)978-91-7790-153-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-06-19, A109, Universitetsområdet, Luleå, 09:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-08 Skapad: 2018-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Gama, FábioFrishammar, Johan

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