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The temporal relations across burnout dimensions in athletes
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom & Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2869-8995
Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 1215-1226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Burnout is a construct that has garnered considerable attention in sport psychology within recent years. Several hypothesized models regarding how the three dimen-sions (exhaustion, devaluation, and reduced sense of accomplishment) temporally relate to each other have been advanced. One proposal outlined by Maslach and Leiter suggests that exhaustion predicts devaluation which predicts reduced sense of accomplishment. However, there is no consensus among researchers as it has been argued that exhaustion predicts devaluation and reduced accomplishment separately. The aim of this study was to test multiple alternative hypotheses regarding the rela-tionships of the burnout dimensions in athletes. Two samples of Swedish youth elite athletes with differing time spans between measurements were used. Specifically, one sample involved time- intensive measures collected every week over an eight- week period, and the other sample included four measurement points across an 18- month period. Results showed that none of the previously proposed models outlining the temporal relations of burnout dimensions were supported. Statistical analysis of the models including the cross- lagged predictions of dimensions did not have any statistically significant impact except when exhaustion negatively predicted devalu-ation between time 1 (month 0) and time 2 (month 6) in the 18- month sample; this relation faded in the following time points. Further, issues regarding the stability of devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment emerged as their autocorrelation were very weak in the time- intensive sample. These findings raise a number of points for further theoretical and practical discussions about the athlete burnout construct. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2018. Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 1215-1226
Nyckelord [en]
athlete burnout, athlete stress, burnout, causality, multivariate latent curve model with structured residuals
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35376DOI: 10.1111/sms.13000ISI: 000426529300049PubMedID: 29087026Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85034241834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-35376DiVA, id: diva2:1155732
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-09 Skapad: 2017-11-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-03Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lundkvist, ErikIvarsson, Andreas

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