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Post-activation Potentiation in Moderately Heavy Squats following a Heavy Pre-load Squat
Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
2014 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon where force output is acutely enhanced

following muscular contraction. Previous research has documented enhanced performance in

power-type light exercise following a heavy pre-load, such as vertical jumps following heavy

squats. To date, the effect of PAP on moderately heavy exercise following a heavy pre-load

has not been investigated. Purpose: The purpose was to examine whether PAP could be

elicited in moderately heavy squats following a heavy squat pre-load, and if so, what intensity

(as percentage of one repetition-maximum [1RM]) of pre-load elicited the highest PAP effect

(measured as mean power, mean force and number of repetitions performed). Subjects:

Seventeen resistance-trained males (age 24±2 years, length 182±8 cm, body mass 84.7±13.1

kg, squat 1RM 147.6±29.6 kg) with at least 2 years of experience of the squat exercise.

Methods: After testing parallel squat 1RM at a separate session, subjects performed three

testing sessions in a randomized order in a cross-over design; performance test at 80% of

parallel squat 1RM (control), one repetition at 85% of 1RM followed 8 minutes later by the

same performance test (PAP85), and one repetition at 93% of 1RM followed 8 minutes later

by the same performance test (PAP93). Sessions were separated by six days. Force and power

output was recorded using a linear encoder. Friedman’s test was used to reveal differences

between conditions, and a Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to identify these differences.

Results: There was an increase in number of repetitions performed for PAP85 (p=0.009) and

PAP93 (p=0.001) compared to control, but not for mean power or mean force. There was no

significant difference between PAP85 and PAP93 for number of repetitions (p=0.091).

Conclusion: PAP can be elicited to improve performance in moderately heavy squats

following a heavy squat pre-load in trained subjects, but only measured as number of

repetitions performed, not force or power. PAP could therefore be useful not only for

designing power training, but also for strength and hypertrophy training.

KEYWORDS: squat, post-activation potentiation, PAP, strength, power, hypertrophy.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2014. , s. 36
Nyckelord [en]
Squat, PAP, Post-activation potentiation, strength, exercise, power, 1RM
Nationell ämneskategori
Idrottsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26290OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-26290DiVA, id: diva2:740291
Ämne / kurs
Biomedicin med inriktning fysisk träning
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-01 Skapad: 2014-08-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-10-01Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Post-activation Potentiation in Moderately Heavy Squats following a Heavy Pre-load Squat(771 kB)674 nedladdningar
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