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Windfall gains or eco-innovation?: ‘Green’ evolution in the Swedish innovation system
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). (Språk, kultur, samhälle)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9495-3571
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 229-246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper therefore looks closer into climate gas emission and the shift to non-fossil energy in Sweden. What types of organizations are behind the shift to non-fossil energy use, what are the relative effects on emissions, to what extent can these interactive dynamics be considered eco-innovations? Do these effects vary between public and private organizations, and if so, can they be related to specific institutions and policies? Methods include statistical survival analyses, in particular Cox regression. These analyses inform us why energy sources shift. Results indicate that wood fuel and solid waste increase as sources of energy while fossil oil has decreased between 2003 and 2010. This result is in line with industrial and environmental policies of the Swedish governments that present these facts as institutionally and policy-related ‘green innovation’. However, our analysis contests such a conclusion and it is noticed that the shift to non-fossil sources of energy has not led to verifiable decreases in green-house gas emissions. Results instead suggest that ‘green’ innovation of non-fossil energy was mostly the effect of low-tech innovation in public organizations with no fundamental effect on CO2 emissions. © Springer International Publishing AG, Part of Springer Science+Business Media 2015

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Tokyo: Springer-Verlag Tokyo Inc., 2016. Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 229-246
Emneord [en]
Innovation, Fossil, Non-fossil, Energy, Sweden
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29597DOI: 10.1007/s10018-015-0128-zISI: 000377974900007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84944584453OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-29597DiVA, id: diva2:860193
Prosjekter
”Miljöinnovationer i det svenska innovationssystemet”
Forskningsfinansiär
The Crafoord Foundation, 20120695Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-10-11 Laget: 2015-10-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-22bibliografisk kontrollert

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