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Health-related lifestyle and perceived health among people with severe mental illness: Gender differences and degree of sense of coherence
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9753-0988
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Trollhättan, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7838-6802
2019 (English)In: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, ISSN 0883-9417, E-ISSN 1532-8228, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 182-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People with severe mental illness (SMI) experience an increased risk of physical ill health and premature death, which appears to be partly related to unhealthy lifestyle habits. The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of health-related lifestyle habits and perceived health among people with severe mental illness. A further aim was to explore if there were any gender differences or differences based on degree of sense of coherence. The study adopted a cross-sectional design based on data from 65 people with SMI. The results show that degree of Sense of Coherence (SOC) does have relevance for perceived health and for dimensions of Quality of Life (QOL). Furthermore, among the participants with strong SOC, there were less daily smokers and they seemed to have less sedentary leisure time than those with low SOC. Men reported more anxiety/depression than women and women ate fruit more often than men, otherwise there were no gender differences. In comparison with the general population, people with SMI show a higher Body Mass Index are more sedentary, more often daily smokers, have lower SOC and perceive a lower QOL. This emphasizes the importance of health-promotion support that focuses on lifestyle changes, and support for strengthening SOC and QOL for people with SMI. © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Maryland Heights, Missoury: Saunders Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 33, no 2, p. 182-188
Keywords [en]
Health, Lifestyle, Sense of Coherence, Severe mental illness, Quality of Life
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39481DOI: 10.1016/j.apnu.2018.12.002ISI: 000466833600008PubMedID: 30927988OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39481DiVA, id: diva2:1318235
Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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Lundström, SofieJormfeldt, HenrikaSkärsäter, Ingela

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