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Lundkvist, Erik, Fil DrORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2869-8995
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Lundkvist, E., Gustafsson, H., Davis, P., Holmström, S., Lemyre, N. & Ivarsson, A. (2018). The temporal relations across burnout dimensions in athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 28(3), 1215-1226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The temporal relations across burnout dimensions in athletes
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 1215-1226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Burnout is a construct that has garnered considerable attention in sport psychology within recent years. Several hypothesized models regarding how the three dimen-sions (exhaustion, devaluation, and reduced sense of accomplishment) temporally relate to each other have been advanced. One proposal outlined by Maslach and Leiter suggests that exhaustion predicts devaluation which predicts reduced sense of accomplishment. However, there is no consensus among researchers as it has been argued that exhaustion predicts devaluation and reduced accomplishment separately. The aim of this study was to test multiple alternative hypotheses regarding the rela-tionships of the burnout dimensions in athletes. Two samples of Swedish youth elite athletes with differing time spans between measurements were used. Specifically, one sample involved time- intensive measures collected every week over an eight- week period, and the other sample included four measurement points across an 18- month period. Results showed that none of the previously proposed models outlining the temporal relations of burnout dimensions were supported. Statistical analysis of the models including the cross- lagged predictions of dimensions did not have any statistically significant impact except when exhaustion negatively predicted devalu-ation between time 1 (month 0) and time 2 (month 6) in the 18- month sample; this relation faded in the following time points. Further, issues regarding the stability of devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment emerged as their autocorrelation were very weak in the time- intensive sample. These findings raise a number of points for further theoretical and practical discussions about the athlete burnout construct. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2018
athlete burnout, athlete stress, burnout, causality, multivariate latent curve model with structured residuals
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urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35376 (URN)10.1111/sms.13000 (DOI)000426529300049 ()29087026 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85034241834 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-09 Created: 2017-11-09 Last updated: 2020-02-03Bibliographically approved
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2869-8995

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