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Ulvenblad, P.-O., Ulvenblad, P. & Tell, J. (2019). An overview of sustainable business models for innovation in Swedish agri-food production. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 16(1), 1-22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An overview of sustainable business models for innovation in Swedish agri-food production
2019 (English)In: Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, ISSN 1943-815X, E-ISSN 1943-8168, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Companies in the agri-food sector are under increasing pressure to adopt sustainable business models that consider not only economic but also both social and environmental aspects. This paper examines how Swedish food producers use sustainable business models to innovate their businesses. The empirical data comes from a telephone survey with 204 companies and from case studies of 4 companies. A conceptual framework regarding sustainability-oriented innovation (SOI) and a eight sustainable business model archetypes are used to map and analyse the sustainability innovation practices and the sustainable business models. The results show a surprisingly sustainable business focus taken by many companies, which is not only on optimization, but also on organizational transformation and on systems building. The results show the companies vary as far as which archetypes they match. The most common archetype matches are ‘Maximise material and energy efficiency’ and ‘Adopt a stewardship role’. Only 10% measure success solely in financial terms, while 80% measure success in financial terms as well as social and environmental terms. Another conclusion is that companies in the agri-food sector have unique characteristics and the value intention of the entrepreneurs is an important building block in sustainable business model innovation. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Keywords
Sustainability-oriented innovation, sustainable business models, value intention, stewardship and agri-food companies
National Category
Business Administration Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38566 (URN)10.1080/1943815X.2018.1554590 (DOI)000453700500001 ()2-s2.0-85058669445 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Funding: Stiftelsen Lantbruksforskning [The Swedish Farmers’ Foundation for Agricultural Research] [350822]; Stiftelsen för Kunskaps-och Kompetensutveckling [The Knowledge Foundation] [220015].

Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
Ulvenblad, P. & Cederholm Björklund, J. (2018). A leadership development programme for agricultural entrepreneurs in Sweden. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 24(4), 327-343
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A leadership development programme for agricultural entrepreneurs in Sweden
2018 (English)In: The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, ISSN 1389-224X, E-ISSN 1750-8622, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 327-343Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose:

This article describes the five-phase process of a leadership development programme conducted with agricultural entrepreneurs who own and manage dairy farms in Sweden. The programme primarily focused on leadership of employees and on self-leadership. The article’s purpose is to present a template for leadership development programmes that can be used in the agricultural sector and in other industry sectors as well.

Design/Methodology:

The empirical data come from interviews with agricultural entrepreneurs, agricultural advisors and authors of a book on leadership in its various forms. Observations were also conducted of the instruction in the leadership development programme.

Findings:

First, agricultural entrepreneurs (and possibly entrepreneurs in other sectors) benefit from leadership development programmes in which the concept and practice of self-leadership are emphasized. Second, such programmes are more valuable to participants if other actors (e.g. academics and advisors) are participants. Third, coaches are useful as support for the programmes’ participants. Practical Implications: An implication of this study is the finding that working with the knowledge transfer and dissemination to advisors and entrepreneurs in the agricultural sector can enhance leadership competences in the industry. Role transformation (e.g. advisor to coach) can also enhance the transfer of such leadership competences.

Theoretical implications:

An implication for theory is to include a self-leadership module in leadership theories about learning leadership in development programmes.

Originality/Value:

Knowledge transfer and dissemination through leadership development programmes for agricultural advisors and entrepreneurs can have a beneficial effect on industry leadership and management. In addition to the traditional leadership skills that many leadership development programmes teach, such programmes also need to emphasize self-leadership.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
Leadership, self-leadership, education, agriculture, entrepreneur
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38569 (URN)10.1080/1389224X.2018.1473260 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049831872 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Ulvenblad, P., Barth, H., Cederholm Björklund, J., Hoveskog, M., Ulvenblad, P.-O. & Ståhl, J. (2018). Barriers to business model innovation in the agri-food industry: A systematic literature review. Outlook on Agriculture, 47(4), 308-314
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers to business model innovation in the agri-food industry: A systematic literature review
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2018 (English)In: Outlook on Agriculture, ISSN 0030-7270, E-ISSN 2043-6866, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 308-314Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of business model innovation (BMI) is widely recognized. BMI is especially important in the agri-food industry that faces enormous challenges as the demand for food increases worldwide. Much of the BMI research focuses on the technology and biomedical industries. Far less attention has been paid to the agri-food industry. This article is a systematic literature review of the BMI research in the agri-food industry. The article’s aim is to identify and categorize various barriers to BMI as described in the literature (in English) published in peer-reviewed journals between 1990 and 2014. The findings show a fairly even distribution among external and internal BMI barriers. Because the main barrier is the mind-set that is resistant to change, it is recommended the researchers and practitioners should focus more on the cognitive barriers to BMI in the agri-food industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Literature review, agriculture, agri-food, innovation barriers, business models, business model innovation
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38562 (URN)10.1177/0030727018811785 (DOI)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Ulvenblad, P. (2018). Sustainability and cooperation aspects in business models of agri-food firms in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at The 13th Wagening International Conference on Chain and Network Management (WICaNeM), 2-3rd July, Ancona, Italy..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability and cooperation aspects in business models of agri-food firms in Sweden
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38574 (URN)
Conference
The 13th Wagening International Conference on Chain and Network Management (WICaNeM), 2-3rd July, Ancona, Italy.
Note

Financed by Stiftelsen Lantbruksforskning

Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Ulvenblad, P., Barth, H., Hoveskog, M. & Ulvenblad, P.-O. (2018). Unpacking priorities of agri-food companies in Sweden: Insights from a survey of Sustainable Business Models. In: : . Paper presented at The 3rd International Conference on New Business Models (NBM), 27-28th June, 2018, Sofia, Bulgaria.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unpacking priorities of agri-food companies in Sweden: Insights from a survey of Sustainable Business Models
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38571 (URN)
Conference
The 3rd International Conference on New Business Models (NBM), 27-28th June, 2018, Sofia, Bulgaria
Note

Funding: Stiftelsen Lantbruksforskning

Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Ståhl, J., Ulvenblad, P.-O., Barth, H., Cederholm Björklund, J. & Ulvenblad, P. (2017). Barriers and challenges in agriculture business development: A study of two leadership programs in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at 15th Rural Entrepreneurship Conference, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, 14-16th June, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers and challenges in agriculture business development: A study of two leadership programs in Sweden
Show others...
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this empirical paper is to illustrate two leadership development programs in Swedish agriculture. Further, it is to compare the two programs related to outcomes in terms of barriers and challenges in the development process and suggest possible ways to continue the leadership development for business model innovation in the agricultural sector.

Design/methodology/approach: The data collection includes 54 interviews and a survey sent to 109 entrepreneursin Sweden. The interviews were collected with (i) entrepreneurs who participated in the Project ‘Ledarpraktikan’ (‘Leader practice’) (LP) 2013 and (ii) entrepreneurs who participated in the project ‘Lean Agriculture’ (LA) 2012. The survey was sent in the spring 2017 to 109 entrepreneurs (37 from ´LP´, 35 from ´LA´ and 37 not having participated in any of the programs called control group ´CG´). The overall response rate in the survey is 68% (51% from ´LP´, 80% from ´LA´ and 73% from ‘CG’. Content analysis and descriptive analysis have been used in the study.

Findings: From the qualitative studies, we can see that entrepreneurs having participated in ‘LP’ perceive that they have acquired deeper knowledge and understanding regarding selfleadership than entrepreneurs participating in ´LA´. The latter entrepreneurs also have described their need for more knowledge in self-leadership. The entrepreneurs participating in ´LA´ have, through analysis of the day-to-day work, acquired a more developed systematic working environment. The comparison between the three groups in the survey show that there are several similarities between the groups, for example they don´t see institutional rules to be barriers in their firm development process. We have found differences in barriers for business development in terms of (i) growth willingness, (ii) lack of employees, (iii) lack of support and (iv) lack of spare time.

Practical implications: There is a need for further leadership development knowledge in Swedish agriculture, both for entrepreneurs in the development of their business models and for agricultural advisors regarding their new role as coaches instead of traditional advisers.

Policy implications: It is important that organizations supporting financial solutions for the agricultural businesses also support leadership development programmes in the industry.

Originality/value: The originality with the paper is that there has been two large analyses regarding two leadership development programs in Swedish agriculture, which is unique in this industry.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39389 (URN)
Conference
15th Rural Entrepreneurship Conference, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, 14-16th June, 2017
Available from: 2019-05-19 Created: 2019-05-19 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Barth, H., Ulvenblad, P.-O. & Ulvenblad, P. (2017). Towards a Conceptual Framework of Sustainable Business Model Innovation in the Agri-Food Sector: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability, 9(9), Article ID 1620.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a Conceptual Framework of Sustainable Business Model Innovation in the Agri-Food Sector: A Systematic Literature Review
2017 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 9, article id 1620Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to increase our understanding of sustainable business model innovation in the agri-food sector in terms of its theoretical and practical approaches for sustainability and their degree of complexity and maturity. The paper is based on a systematic literature review of 570 journal articles on business models and business model innovation published between 1990 and 2014. Of these articles, only 21 have business model innovation as their main focus. The review shows that research interest in the agri-food sector has increased in these years. The paper proposes a conceptual framework for sustainable business model innovation in the agri-food sector that can be used to meet the challenges encountered in taking a sustainability perspective. © 2017 by the authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: M D P I AG, 2017
Keywords
business model innovation, agri-food, farmers, systematic literature review, entrepreneurship, sustainability
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35594 (URN)10.3390/su9091620 (DOI)000411621200121 ()2-s2.0-85029529624 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-04 Created: 2017-12-04 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Ulvenblad, P. & Cederholm Björklund, J. (2016). The Emergence of a Leadership Development Program for Agricultural Entrepreneurs: The Case of Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at The 39th Institute for Small Business Entrepreneurship Conference (ISBE), Paris, France, October 27-28, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Emergence of a Leadership Development Program for Agricultural Entrepreneurs: The Case of Sweden
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
Leadership development, agricultural entrepreneurs, rural entrepreneurship
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39391 (URN)
Conference
The 39th Institute for Small Business Entrepreneurship Conference (ISBE), Paris, France, October 27-28, 2016
Funder
Knowledge FoundationSwedish Board of Agriculture
Available from: 2019-05-19 Created: 2019-05-19 Last updated: 2019-10-01
Ståhl, J., Ulvenblad, P.-O., Ulvenblad, P. & Cederholm Björklund, J. (2016). The influence of leadership development on sustainable business model innovation in the agricultural sector. In: : . Paper presented at The 6th International Leuphana Conference on Entrepreneurship, January 14-15, 2016, Lüneburg, Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of leadership development on sustainable business model innovation in the agricultural sector
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
Leadership development, agriculture, rural entrepreneurship, sustainable business model innovation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39392 (URN)
Conference
The 6th International Leuphana Conference on Entrepreneurship, January 14-15, 2016, Lüneburg, Germany
Available from: 2019-05-19 Created: 2019-05-19 Last updated: 2019-10-17
Ulvenblad, P. (2010). Entrepreneurs’ Communicative Behaviour in Technology-Based versus Service-Based Businesses — A Resource Dependence Perspective. In: Ray Oakey, Aard Groen, Gary Cook, & Peter Van Der Sijde (Ed.), New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium. Vol 8: (pp. 133-146). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurs’ Communicative Behaviour in Technology-Based versus Service-Based Businesses — A Resource Dependence Perspective
2010 (English)In: New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium. Vol 8 / [ed] Ray Oakey, Aard Groen, Gary Cook, & Peter Van Der Sijde, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010, Vol. 8, p. 133-146Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To enhance the understanding of entrepreneurial communication strategies in the start-up phase of the business, a resource dependence perspective is presented. Resources can be categorized in several ways. Penrose (1959), one of the pioneers in the resource-based view, and the subsequent work of, for example, Wernerfelt (1984) and Barney (1991), have brought the individual, the entrepreneur and especially resources within the business into focus. The process school of the resource-based view focuses on processes and activities and internal strategic capabilities (Tucker, Meyer, & Westerman, 1996). Furthermore, capabilities are based on developing, carrying and exchanging information through the business's human capital (Tucker et al., 1996). Grant (1991, p. 122) defined such capabilities as ‘complex patterns of coordination and cooperation between people, and between people and (tangible) resources’. Baum, Locke, and Smith (2001) and Lee, Lee, and Pennings (2001) found that new businesses’ internal capabilities are the primary determinants of the businesses’ performance. One of the intangible resources could be a business reputation (Deephouse, 2000). A positive reputation creates advantages in order to obtain, for example, financial capital. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010
Series
New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium, ISSN 1876-0228 ; 8
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39344 (URN)10.1108/S1876-0228(2010)0000008011 (DOI)2-s2.0-84896509178 (Scopus ID)978-0-85724-373-7 (ISBN)978-0-85724-374-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-28 Created: 2019-05-28 Last updated: 2019-09-25
Projects
Lean Innovation - Value-added Food Production [2012-03620_Vinnova]; Halmstad University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9584-3216

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