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Bramsved, R., Regber, S., Novak, D., Mehlig, K., Lissner, L. & Mårild, S. (2018). Parental education and family income affect birthweight, early longitudinal growth and body mass index development differently. Acta Paediatrica, 107(11), 1946-1952
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental education and family income affect birthweight, early longitudinal growth and body mass index development differently
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2018 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 107, no 11, p. 1946-1952Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: This study investigated the effects of two parental socio-economic characteristics, education and income, on growth and risk of obesity in children from birth to 8 years of age.

METHODS: Longitudinal growth data and national register-based information on socio-economic characteristics were available for 3,030 Swedish children. The development of body mass index (BMI) and height was compared in groups dichotomised by parental education and income.

RESULTS: Low parental education was associated with a higher BMI from 4 years of age, independent of income, immigrant background, maternal BMI and smoking during pregnancy. Low family income was associated with a lower birthweight, but did not independently predict BMI development. At 8 years of age, children from less educated families had a three times higher risk of obesity, independent of parental income. Children whose parents had fewer years of education but high income had significantly higher height than all other children.

CONCLUSION: Parental education protected against childhood obesity, even after adjusting for income and other important parental characteristics. Income-related differences in height, despite similar BMIs, raise questions about body composition and metabolic risk profiles. The dominant role of education underscores the value of health literacy initiatives for the parents of young children. ©2018 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2018
Birthweight, Childhood obesity, Health promotion, Parental education, Socio-economic factors
National Category
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36352 (URN)10.1111/apa.14215 (DOI)000446822800018 ()29315777 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85041611646 (Scopus ID)

Shared first authorship: Rebecka Bramsved & Susann Regber

Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-10-26Bibliographically approved
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7773-9231

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